Toenail fungal infection also called onychomycosis is a type of infection that occurs under the nail surface. It is caused by fungi. The infection may spread to other toenails, fingernails, and also the skin. When the infection is not treated, it can spread and can impede your activities like walking or even wearing shoes. Toenail fungus may also come encumbered with a second bacterial or yeast infection.
The toes are more vulnerable to fungi, especially in damp areas such as showers and pools where you usually go barefoot. Any injury to the nail bed and pressure from wearing tight shoes can make your nails more vulnerable to a fungal infection. People who also suffer from chronic diseases like diabetes, circulatory concerns, and immune-deficiency conditions are also more at risk of becoming infected.
When fungi start to infect, the nail becomes darker and it may smell bad. The nail plate may look darker due to the debris that accumulates underneath it. The nail may become thicker and harder to trim. The nail could also become brittle and crumbly.
Diagnosis and Treatment
A nail fungus treatment depends on the level of severity and the microorganism that caused the infection. After a clinical diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe a treatment plan that includes an oral or topical medication and sometimes a combination of both.
FDA-approved oral antifungals are known for being the most effective treatment for nail fungal infections. They have a shorter recovery period which is at three months and their effectiveness is constantly improved. In some cases of nail infections, surgery may be recommended. Nail removal can be permanent or temporary.
10All about the Witch Hazel
The witch hazel is a small tree that has an extensive history of having medicinal value. This is because of its astringent and anti-inflammatory properties. This tree is native to the east coast area of North America. Many people have used this as a decorative plant.
The witch hazel has many species, but it’s the Hamamelis virginiana species that has been used in the US as folk medicine. The leaves and bark of this tree are turned into ointments and teas. It is mainly applied to the scalp and skin due to its ability to soothe inflammation and sensitive skin. As a tea, it can be taken in small amounts to treat different conditions.
As an Antimicrobial
Witch hazel is known for its antimicrobial properties. It has been known to inhibit several pathogens. Witch hazel contains tannins, which are natural polyphenols that can protect the body from external stressors from the environment. Tannins are responsible for the antioxidant boost in your body. These powerful antioxidants promote antimicrobial, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, as well as wound healing abilities.
Other Health Benefits
Apart from the aforementioned benefits of witch hazel, it is also known for several more health benefits, which we have to be aware of.