Fungal nail infection is also called onychomycosis. It is an infection of the fingernails and toenails that are caused by yeast or fungi. Fungal nail infections make up almost half of all nail disorders. The most common form of nail fungal infection is when the fungus grows underneath the part of the nail that grows. This may spread to the fingers, the nail bed, and even the grooves on the side areas of the nails.
Some Risk Factors
A nail fungal infection occurs when fungus enters and penetrates the nail. The fungi can be acquired from various sources such as damp public places like public swimming pools and locker rooms, using unsterilized nail devices, being in contact with someone infected, and those who have certain chronic conditions such as diabetes, a blood circulation issue, a weakened immune system, and others. The risk of nail fungal infection is also higher among males who are older than 60 years old.
Signs and Symptoms
The toenails are more susceptible to nail fungal infections than fingernails. When the nail becomes infected, it usually becomes thicker and it may lift from the nail bed, starting at the growing portion of the nail. It is easier for you to see the debris underneath the nail as well as the discoloration in the same area.
The nail may become crumbly and brittle and with ragged edges. In some cases, a foul smell may emanate from the nail. This may also cause pain and discomfort.
There are various options for nail fungus treatment. It’s an oral antifungal medication that offers the best chances of treating a nail fungus infection. The most common of these are itraconazole, terbinafine, and fluconazole. Topical medication may also be prescribed by the doctor. A popular option for this is ciclopirox nail lacquer, which has to be applied daily for 9 to 12 months. In stubborn cases of nail fungal infection, the doctor may recommend a nail removal.
1Uses of Cassia Seeds
The seeds, roots, and leaves of cassia can be used in the treatment of various diseases and health conditions. The root is often used for treating snakebites. In Northern Nigeria, fresh and dried leaves may be used in treating ringworm, ulcers, and several parasitic skin diseases. In various cultures, the plant’s leaf extracts exhibited antibacterial activity as well as antiviral activity against the Vaccinia virus and Newcastle disease virus.
Cassia tora seed is a ripe seed of the sicklepod which is of high value in Chinese traditional medicine. Same as in the Ayurveda traditional medicine, the cassia tora seeds are known for being good laxatives, anthelmintics, expectorants, and ophthalmics. The main constituents of this plant include the following: chrysophanol, fixed oil, rhein, emodin, and anthraquinone. The fruit of the plant is naturally cold which makes them a good source for cooling down the body. The cassia tora seeds are often used as aperients and purgatives and they aid in loosening the bowels, preventing constipation in the process.
The leaves of the cassia can be as popular as a potherb. It is often used as a natural pesticide in India’s organic farms. Cassia is known to contain chrysophanic acid-9-anthrone, which is known as an essential fungicide. The leaves contain anthroquinones. They can be made into a mild decoction that can be used for treating fever, childhood teething, and constipation. In Ayurveda, the paste that comes from the ground and dried root is used for ringworm and snakebite treatment.
As an Antifungal and Antimicrobial
In one study the various extracts of cassia tora namely chloroform, ethanol, and petroleum ether extracts exhibited antifungal activities on different clinical isolates such as yeast, Candida albicans, and C. non-albicans.
In another study, the ethanol and petroleum ether extracts of the cassia tora leaves and seeds exhibited antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Escherichia coli.
Other Health Benefits
Cassia tora seeds are usually taken as a daily supplement, and often consumed as a tea while the oil of the tea is a common treatment for body aches and joint pains. The following are the popular health benefits of cassia seeds:
Aids in weight loss
Cassia seeds are known for their laxative properties and for aiding weight loss by flushing out toxins. They can also remove excess water from the body, giving you a more toned physique. Consuming cassia seed tea or using its extract in your regular detox tea will help you shed those excess pounds. It is also known for purging activities which help prevent the absorption of fats and carbohydrates in the body, stimulating weight loss.
Because of the presence of organic compounds known as glycosides found in cassia seeds, they can stimulate gastric secretion in the body which promotes digestion. Taking a cup of tea made from cassia seeds will aid digestion. This also helps prevent intestinal dryness because of its cooling properties. It also prevents the large intestines from building up the heat while in the digestion process.
Regulates cholesterol levels
Cassia seeds are also beneficial in preventing the level of serum cholesterol to the extent that they can be fatal. This also helps in the suppression of the development of atherosclerotic plaque, preventing any cardiovascular issues.
Helps with sleep
Cassia seeds also help induce sleep since they have therapeutic properties that can make the nerves calm and relaxed while gently massaging your head. This can be a great cure for those who have sleep apnea and insomnia.