Fungal nail infection is also called onychomycosis. It is an infection of the fingernails and toenails that are caused by yeast or fungi. Fungal nail infections make up almost half of all nail disorders. The most common form of nail fungal infection is when the fungus grows underneath the part of the nail that grows. This may spread to the fingers, the nail bed, and even the grooves on the side areas of the nails.
Some Risk Factors
A nail fungal infection occurs when fungus enters and penetrates the nail. The fungi can be acquired from various sources such as damp public places like public swimming pools and locker rooms, using unsterilized nail devices, being in contact with someone infected, and those who have certain chronic conditions such as diabetes, a blood circulation issue, a weakened immune system, and others. The risk of nail fungal infection is also higher among males who are older than 60 years old.
Signs and Symptoms
The toenails are more susceptible to nail fungal infections than fingernails. When the nail becomes infected, it usually becomes thicker and it may lift from the nail bed, starting at the growing portion of the nail. It is easier for you to see the debris underneath the nail as well as the discoloration in the same area.
The nail may become crumbly and brittle and with ragged edges. In some cases, a foul smell may emanate from the nail. This may also cause pain and discomfort.
There are various options for nail fungus treatment. It’s an oral antifungal medication that offers the best chances of treating a nail fungus infection. The most common of these are itraconazole, terbinafine, and fluconazole. Topical medication may also be prescribed by the doctor. A popular option for this is ciclopirox nail lacquer, which has to be applied daily for 9 to 12 months. In stubborn cases of nail fungal infection, the doctor may recommend a nail removal.
2All about Cassia Seeds
Cassia tora belongs to the family called leguminosae, and it grows naturally in tropical regions. One thing that is unique about this plant is that its different parts have various applications. This is why this plant remains one of the most popular plants since ancient times. Today, the cassia seeds are processed for gum powder to be extracted. This will be applied to different industrial applications. Such applications depend on the properties that are beneficial to production. The cassia gum powder has been used in various production sectors, but it has a highly significant role in the manufacture of medicines.
The appearance of the cassia seeds may come in various colors from green to dark brown and even yellow. The seeds have a salty and bittersweet taste and they have a smooth surface.