Toenail fungus infection is a common condition, but it is difficult to eliminate. It is said that around 10 percent of the adult population is affected by it. In many cases, the infection stays longer than expected. That’s why when you notice that the toenail becomes thick and its color becomes yellow or white you must be concerned about it. This infection is more common in toenails than fingernails. The technical name for this condition is onychomycosis.
Microscopic organisms that are known as fungi cause nail fungus infections. These microorganisms don’t need sunlight for their survival. The most common cause of fungal infections is a group of fungi known as dermatophytes and an example of this is Candida. Some yeasts and molds may also cause an infection. The pathogens that cause nail fungus infection often get through the skin by way of tiny cuts or small spaces between the nails and nail beds. The fungi will grow since the nail offers a warm and moist environment that is conducive to its growth.