Nail fungus also goes by the name onychomycosis. It is a chronic fungal infection that affects the fingernails and toenails. This is commonly caused by a group of fungi known as dermatophytes.
Dermatophytes also cause jock itch, ringworm, and athlete’s foot. Nail fungus may lead to the gradual destruction of the nail plate. Almost half of the population is affected by nail fungal infection when they get to the age of 70. Nail fungal infection also makes up 50 percent of all nail diseases. This is according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
3Diagnosis and Treatment
It is not possible to give a diagnosis of nail fungal infection by just looking at the symptoms. Other conditions like psoriasis may result in the same symptoms. A clinical diagnosis will only be possible after some lab tests like microscopy and mycological culture.
If the nail has started to become deformed, thickened, and discolored, it’s time to see a physician. They often prescribe oral and topical treatments to get rid of the infection. If the infection has become severe, it may be necessary to remove the nail. A more recent option for nail fungus treatment is laser therapy or any light-based therapy.