Fungal nail infection is caused by a fungus that grows in and around your fingernail or toenail. Fungi naturally thrive on the dead tissues found in nails, hair, and the external skin layers. The most common fungal infections include athlete’s foot, ringworm, and jock itch. Fungal nail infections often follow an infection on the feet. They are more prevalent in toenails compared to fingernails. They are also more common among male adults who are 60 years old and above.
The fungus can thrive naturally in the human body without causing any trouble unless it spreads. Dermatophytes are the most common type of fungi that can cause nail infections. These infections may also be caused by yeasts and molds. Some risk factors may increase the likelihood of your getting infected as well. These include having diabetes, a weak immune system, or blood circulation disorder, walking barefoot in damp public areas like pools, a family history of nail fungal infections, sharing personal items with others, etc.
Some of the nail changes that occur in a nail fungal infection include the following: brittle nails, changes in nail shape and color, loosened or lifted nails, nail thickening, having debris trapped underneath the nails, loss of luster or shine on the nail’s surface, pain and discomfort, and sometimes the nail emits a foul smell.
When the infection is severe and it affects several nails, over-the-counter creams and ointments will not work. The more aggressive nail fungus treatment is a prescription oral antifungal which has to be taken for several weeks up to a year. A prescription-based topical antifungal may also be given by a doctor as an alternative to the pills. Laser treatments are also available although less effective than antifungal pills.
9All about Pasque Flower
The Pasque flower (Pulsatilla vulgaris) is a member of the buttercup family also known as the Ranunculaceae family. This is closely related to the Anemone genus. This plant has a lot of common names which include Easter flower, meadow anemone, windflower, cat’s eyes, dream herb, and many others. The pasque flower is native to Northern and Western Europe and Western Asia.
It has gained the name Easter flower because this plant blooms during Easter. A lot of myths are associated with this plant. One of these is the tragic story of Aphrodite, the Greek Goddess of Love. Tribal members of Indians first discovered the medicinal value of this plant. In the field of herbal science, the parts of the plant that are above ground are dried and used as herbal remedies.
As an Antifungal
The extracts of the leaves and rhizomes of the pasque flower exhibited antifungal activity against Candida glabrata. It could be further studied to determine the compounds that made the effects possible. This may lead to new drug discoveries. Pasque flower when combined with other herbs has been established to cause antimicrobial activities against various pathogens such as Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Other Health Benefits
The dried plant of the pasque flower has been used in Europe for various medicinal purposes which include dysmenorrhea and other gynecological conditions, asthma, eye infections, skin disorders, asthma, and also as a diuretic and expectorant. It also has several homeopathic applications, namely for measles, indigestion, toothache, and earache. Multiple Asian species of the pasque flower also have additional medicinal applications. The following are some of the known herbal benefits of this plant: