Nail fungus which is also medically known as onychomycosis is a chronic infection that most commonly affects the toenails although it also occurs on your fingernails. Most cases of nail fungal infections are caused by dermatophytes, the group of fungi which also causes ringworm, jock itch, and athlete’s foot. A nail fungal infection may also be caused by yeasts and molds. This nail infection may eventually lead to the destruction of the nail plate.
Nail fungal infections are common. It is said that about half of the population gets affected by fungus once they reach the age of 70. Fungus is also responsible for 50 percent of the total number of nail diseases.
The infected nail usually has orange/brown or white/yellow streaks or patches. It may also become thicker, ragged, crumbly, and dull. In some cases, the nail will give off a foul smell. It is possible for the nail to separate from the nail bed. This process is known as onycholysis. The nail tends to become friable that it easily breaks up and falls off.
It’s important for the doctor to observe the symptoms. Lab tests must be conducted, requiring a nail sample. The tests include microscopy to find the fungal elements and also a mycological culture for identifying the microbial species involved.
When it comes to the most appropriate nail fungus treatment, oral fungal therapy is the most preferred due to its ability to penetrate the nail bed and nail plate. This type of treatment may have side effects on the liver, which is why topical nail fungal treatments are used instead. This type of treatment may come in the form of nail lacquer and nail cream.
1All about the Ogirisi Leaves
Ogirisi leaves with the botanical name Newbouldia laevis is a native plant to Africa, but it can also be found in many areas of the world. In fact, the name ogirisi is an Igbo name. The Yorubas have another name for it, Ewe Akoko, while it is known as Aduruku in Hausa. This plant is characterized by dark, shiny leaves along with its purple flowers. This plant can grow up to 20m tall. It is often considered an ornamental plant due to its purple flowers. This plant is often used as a boundary marker, especially in rural areas. People often use the ogirisi leaves for various purposes, which is why it is known as the tree of life. Some people use this for health purposes while others for their religious regimen.
Newbouldia laevis has been used as different symbols and meanings in different countries. Villages in the Ivory Coast and Gabon plant this tree near tombs due to their belief that it may act as a protective talisman. The Igbo in Nigeria consider this tree sacred, and this is often planted in front of the chieftain’s house. On the other hand, the Ibibio and Efik people in Nigeria consider the tree as a symbol of their deities. This is why they plant this tree in their sacred spots.
As an Antimicrobial
A study revealed that the methanol, leaf extract of Ogirisi leaves or Newbouldia laevis possesses beneficial antimicrobial phytochemicals that inhibit the growth of several pathogenic organisms. It has also been discovered to contain advantageous DDPH radical scavenging activities, making it a great natural source of antioxidants and antimicrobials useful for therapeutic reasons.
Other Health Benefits
The following are some of the best health benefits that are associated with ogirisi leaves:
The bark and leaves of Newbouldia laevis are used for treating spasms and epilepsy. The leaves and bark are boiled in water. The juice will be extracted and drunk. This is known to effectively cure a spasm or control an epileptic episode.
The ogirisi leaves are also known for their anti-diabetic properties. In a 2011 study, diabetic lab rats were investigated if the Newbouldia laevis affects their blood sugar levels. It was revealed in the study that the tree has antihyperglycemic abilities, useful in regulating blood sugar levels.
Newbouldia laevis possesses analgesic properties. Its dried bark can be ground together with palm salt (K2CO3) and Piper guineense fruits. The resulting product can be used in treating headaches, migraine, and sinusitis. The bark may also be boiled and this can be rubbed or patted on the head using a soft cloth to treat a headache.
Ogirisi is often used in treating and relieving pain, particularly pain that is associated with arthritis and rheumatism. Simply boil the leaves and barks. Drink the resulting decoction to reduce pain and to make the condition more bearable. The leaves are also known to contain anti-inflammatory properties.
Treats Upset Stomach
Ogirisi leaves can be used in treating different types of upset stomach, including disorders like diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, pile, and others. Just drink a decoction of ogirisi leaves to help with your upset stomach.
Through phytochemical screening, the stem bark of ogirisi leaves has shown the presence of the following: alkaloid, flavonoids, tannins, and saponins. A 2011 study showed that the stem bark of Newbouldia laevis contains antibacterial properties.
Newbouldia laevis is considered an oxytocic, which makes it effective for inducing labor. Furthermore, a 2009 study conducted by Bafor and Sanni revealed that the aqueous and ethanol extracts of the ogirisi leaves can stimulate uterine contraction in non-pregnant rats. This is suggestive of why traditionalists in African countries use the leaves of this tree to induce labor, facilitate childbirth, or to protect the young embryo while in the placenta. It can also be used to help remove the placenta after childbirth. Africans in Ghana believe that a decoction made from leaves, stem, and bark and cooked in palm oil soup may help to ease delivery and enhance breastmilk production after delivery.
Helps with Fertility
What could be the most popular benefit of Newbouldia laevis is itsability to enhance a woman’s chances of giving birth as well as dealing with various fertility problems. This is because it helps induce ovulation in women, which makes it easy for them to get pregnant. Its leaves are also known to address ovulation disorders enabling women to get pregnant without getting stressed.