Most people barely notice that they suffer from a nail fungal infection. Furthermore, they don’t seek treatment. However, it is still a common nail disorder. This type of infection may persist for years without causing pain and discomfort to the sufferer. This nail disorder is often characterized by nail discoloration. Most often, it is shrugged off as a mere blemish, it may wreak havoc when left untreated.
It is medically known as onychomycosis. It is an infection that occurs underneath the nail surface. This may also penetrate the nail’s surface. In addition to the difficulty it causes in walking, running, or even wearing shoes when it becomes severe, fungal nail infections often go with secondary bacterial or yeast infections underneath or on the nail plate.
A group of fungi known as dermatophytes may attack quite easily, as it thrives on nicotine, the protein substance found in nails. Once these tiny microorganisms spread and attack, the nail becomes darker, thicker, and yellowish or brownish, not to mention foul-smelling. It is usual for debris to collect under the nail plate. In some cases, white marks occur on the nail plate. The infection may also spread to the other toenails, skin, and even the fingernails.
Some people are more prone to nail infections. Those who suffer from chronic conditions like diabetes, circulatory disorders, and other immune-deficiency conditions are more susceptible to such nail disorders. Other factors may also contribute like having a history of athlete’s foot and excessive sweating.
As for treating a nail fungal infection, you can find over-the-counter antifungal agents though they may not prevent a recurrence of the infection. Topical or oral medication may have to be prescribed by the doctor. The infected nail and the debris accumulation underneath may have to be removed in a process called debridement. At times, surgical treatment may be required, to remove the infected nail. Still, in other cases, self-care is enough, and the infection won’t require an aggressive nail fungal treatment.
1All about the Awolowo Leaves (Siam Weed)
Awolowo leaf is among the plants that most people don’t hear about or recognize but has numerous health benefits. Its scientific name is Chromolaena odorata.The Awolowo leaves are also called by other names such as Camphor Grass, Siam Weed, and other local names based on the region where they are grown.
In Nigeria, this plant was discovered in 1960 right after it gained independence. It’s quite difficult to recognize the plant since it has small green leaves that are triangle-shaped. The plant also has a soft stem. Awolowo leaves contain the following nutrients: lipid, calcium, iron, fiber, carbohydrate, and compounds like flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and others. By just considering this, it can be deduced that the plant has numerous health benefits. A 2007 study on phytochemical constituents and the antioxidant properties of extracts derived from siam weed leaves revealed that they contain a lot of compounds that show their numerous medicinal properties.
As an Antimicrobial
Chromolaena odorata has been tested for its impact on Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans. Siam weed has been observed to have a positive impact in terms of inhibiting such microorganisms. This establishes the fact that the Awolowo leaves are best intended as herbal remedies and for the development and production of new drugs.
Other Health Benefits
It is only right that we look closely into the health benefits of the Awolowo Leaves. The following are some of them:
For Pain Alleviation
Such leaves can be used for relieving body pain. Its juice can be consumed to eliminate internal body pain like back pain. The leaves have to be crushed and rubbed on the affected area. This functions as an analgesic for joint pains. Awolowo leaves also have ethnopharmacological, nematicidal, and fungicidal properties. This is according to reports. Because of the siam weeds’ pharmacological activity against pathogens, this can also be used to remedy urinary tract infections.
For Reducing Cholesterol Levels
It is extremely dangerous to the body when you have high cholesterol levels. This may lead to heart disease in the long run. Boiling the Awolowo leaves in water and consuming them is a sure way to bring down your cholesterol levels. A rat study revealed that the aqueous extract of these leaves has an anti-cholesterolemic effect. Based on the findings, the Awolowo leaves have an anti-cholesterolemic effect. Based on the findings, such leaves may lower the body’s cholesterol level and prevent cardiovascular diseases.
To Aid Blood Clotting
One other major benefit of the Awolowo leaves is their being a potent blood-clotting agent, having the ability to stop bleeding in a short time. As a result, these leaves are often used as a first-aid treatment. The leaves are simply rubbed on the fresh wounds and injuries. Doing this would stop the bleeding and at the same time sterilize the wound. A number of medical studies have proven this plant’s wound-healing abilities.
These leaves can reduce the body’s blood sugar levels, making it easier for diabetics to cope with their condition. It may also be consumed by those who want to avoid getting diabetes. A study conducted on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats showed that the extract from the Awolowo leaves can help in reducing HOMA, glucose, and lipid profiles. It is also known to improve insulin and glucose intolerance, HDL-c levels, glycogen content, and also glucose intake by skeletal muscle.
For Women’s Reproductive Health
Women’s reproductive health is one area of health that calls for attention. The Awolowo leaves in brewed water can help a lot to strengthen women’s reproductive organs. The tea from these leaves is also known for preventing cervical cancer.
For a Healthy Heart
Drinking Awolowo leaves may also prevent several heart diseases. You can simply add these leaves to your diet and protect your heart while keeping it healthy.
As Treatment for Ulcer
One other benefit of the Awolowo leaves is that they can help in treating ulcers by eliminating the Helicobacter Pylori, the pathogen that causes ulcers. It also reduces the likelihood of recurrence.
According to a study, uncontrolled use of its extract may cause an adverse effect on the kidney functions as well as the histology of the rats’ intestines. This plant may also cause an allergic reaction in some people.