A lot of people experience having thickened and discolored fingernails or toenails. About 50 percent of such abnormal nails are caused by a fungal infection of the matrix, nail bed, or nail plate. The most common microorganisms that cause this infection belong to the group known as dermatophytes. The medical term for this condition is onychomycosis. It is also known as tinea unguium.
How It Looks
There are four types of nail fungus infections. These are classified according to the part of the nail that is affected. The most common type of nail infection affects the tip of the nail. Initially, the infection makes the nail plate split from the nail bed. This is known as onycholysis. The end of the nail turns yellow or white and you can find keratin collecting underneath the nail, which causes the complete separation. The fungus starts to grow in the nails, making them fragile and crumbly.
Some factors encourage fungal growth or serve as a catalyst for fungus to spread. Communal showers and pools expose the feet to fungi, particularly when not protected with appropriate footwear. Medical conditions that affect the immune system make people more susceptible to fungi. These include AIDS, diabetes, and blood circulation problems. Physical exercise may also cause repeated minor trauma to the nail, making the nail susceptible to fungus.
It is crucial to ensure an official diagnosis of the fungal infection before a nail fungus treatment is provided. Treatment can be costly and long-term. Most of the time, the doctor will ask for a fungal culture or KOH test to be done which will determine the cause of the infection. A nail sample is usually required for the tests.
A treatment plan may include oral pills or topical medication prescribed by the doctor. In some cases, the doctor may recommend a combination therapy.
2All about Yam Porridge
Yam porridge also called yam pottage is a delicious yam recipe that most Nigerians love. It also goes by the name Asaro. It is easy to make this meal. Just boil yam until tender and then cook it in a blend with tomatoes, peppers, onions, crayfish, palm oil, leafy vegetables, and seasoning.
Most of the nutrients from this meal come from its main ingredients which are yam and palm oil. Some of the vitamins, minerals, and nutrients found in yam porridge are manganese, potassium, vitamin C, copper, vitamin E, thiamine, vitamin B5, and folate. Yam porridge is also loaded with fiber, carbohydrates, and fats.
Potassium and manganese are important for growth, heart health, and metabolism. Copper is essential for iron absorption and red blood cell synthesis. Vitamin C, on the other hand, can boost the body’s immune system as a powerful antioxidant.
Yam porridge can become more nutritious when it is added to the following ingredients: tomatoes, crayfish, onions, leafy vegetables, and healthy Nigerian spices.