Nail fungal infection is a condition of the nails in which a fungus spreads and infects the toenails and fingernails. This causes several changes to the appearance of the nail. Discoloration of the nail may occur as the fungus goes deeper into the tissue. At times, a nail fungus infection may cause pain and discomfort.
It is common to have fungal infections because microorganisms like fungi, mold, and yeast are found naturally in the environment. Toenails are more susceptible to infections because of the damp and warm environment inside the shoes which is conducive to the growth of microscopic organisms.
Toenail fungal infections can be persistent or stubborn in some cases, but they are treatable. When an infection is left untreated, this may only become worse over time. The following are the most common symptoms of a nail fungal infection: the buildup of debris under the nail, nail discoloration, and distortion, thickened nails, nails becoming brittle, crumbly, dry, and dull, the nail separates from the nail bed, yellow streaks or white spots on the nail surface, and sometimes a foul odor coming from the infected toenail.
To treat fungal infections, several courses of action may be suggested by the doctor. For a more aggressive nail fungus treatment, oral antifungal medications are often prescribed by the doctor to clear up the infection. It usually takes 12 weeks to treat it. Topical antifungals may also be suggested. These are available in the form of nail lacquers and ointments. Sometimes these topical medications are added to the oral antifungals to eliminate the fungus.
Another type of treatment is the use of a laser. This is used on the nail to heat up and kill the microorganism. This may require more than one treatment procedure to successfully clear up the fungal infection.
1All about the Common Madder
The common madder (rubia tinctorum) is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the same family as bedstraw and coffee, the family Rubiaceae. This plant is native to Western Asia, Southeastern Europe, and North Africa. It was naturalized in Central and Northwestern Europe. It is known by many common names such as Dyer’s madder, Indian madder, European madder, robbia, ground-madder, wild madder, and others.
The major components found in common madder root are anthraquinone glycosides or the ruberythric acid which becomes xanthopurpurin, alizirin, rubiadin, lucidin, pseudopurpurin, and purpurin when decomposed. The root also contains tannins, pectin, organic acids, calcium, sugars, and iridoid (asperulosid). The medicinal properties of the herb are brought about by glycosides.
Madder is the source of the permanent red dye known as Turkey red. This dye has been used traditionally to color soldiers’ uniforms, hunting jackets, and also Turkish fezzes. Madder root is the natural source of the colors red, purple, lilac, apricot, pink, orange, black, brown for dyes, paints, and inks. Until now, madder is still used as a red dye for textiles.
The roots of the common madder are present in the practice of Ayurvedic traditional healing, in which it gained the name Manjistha or the simplified Manjith. This is also a controversial plant since it is believed too dangerous when taken orally, but people still do it.
As an Antimicrobial
In a study that examined the ethanol, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water extracts of the Indian madder using the disc diffusion method, it was established that the plant exhibited antimicrobial activity against various gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, filamentous fungi, yeasts, and actinomycetes.
Other Health Benefits
Indian madder offers several health benefits, and some of them are listed below:
Removes Kidney Stones
The madder root is known to heal urolithiasis or the formation of kidney stones. This plant is also a good treatment for other forms of bladder conditions. This is because of its ruberythric acid content which aids the toning down of magnesium and calcium and lessens the formation of bladder stones. Indian madder root is also a good antispasmodic agent, which accelerates kidney stone passage through the urinary system.
Helps with Sensitive Skin
The madder root is also beneficial to the skin, particularly in dealing with acne. You only need 100 mg of madder root powder and mix it with 50 g each of the following: turmeric, orange peel, and sandalwood to create a paste. Just apply the paste to the skin and allow it to dry before rinsing it off.
Common madder root can help stop both internal and external bleeding. This herb can help with internal bleeding like a nosebleed, and its root can be of much help. When it comes to external bleeding, this herb can help with severe wounds, allowing them to dry quickly.
Increases White Blood Cell Deposits
Madder increases the body’s white blood cell deposits also known as leukocytes. This plant can also treat leukopenia. Leukopenia is known as the deficit of white blood cells in the blood system. This makes the patient more vulnerable to infections.
The madder is a powerful inflammatory that is highly effective in treating inflammatory-associated conditions like arthritis, gout, and joint pains. It is crucial to stop inflammation in the early stages to prevent it from resulting in various diseases.
The common madder may help treat coughs due to its being a natural expectorant that reacts fast. As an expectorant, it stimulates sputum release through the air passages. Sputum is a combination of mucus and saliva that accumulated in the respiratory tract like phlegm. This makes an expectorant highly effective in treating coughs.
This herb’s original function is to treat jaundice. This condition is characterized by the discoloration of the mucus membranes, skin, and the white areas of the eyeballs, making them yellow because of too much bilirubin in the blood system.
A person who has jaundice experiences a yellow discoloration of the skin, white areas of the eyeballs, and mucus membranes, dark urine, rashes, and having light-colored stools. Jaundice is often associated with diseases that are liver-related such as thalassemia, cirrhosis, malaria, and hepatitis.
Based on modern studies, animals who suffer from diarrhea when fed with common madder heal faster and better. This is important since diarrhea when not treated may lead to dehydration.