Fungal nail infections are also called dermatophytic onychomycosis or tinea unguium. The fungus that causes this infection is the same as the one that causes athlete’s foot, ringworm, and jock itch. When you have an athlete’s foot, the fungus thrives on keratin found in the outer layer of the skin. Once this fungus spreads to the keratin of the nails what results are a nail fungal infection.
What causes the nail fungal infection?
The fungus that spreads from the athlete’s foot is the most common cause of toenail fungus. Nail infection may also be caused by other types of fungi like molds and yeasts. The other fungi usually attack already-damaged nails. Toenail fungal infections make up 80 percent of the nail infection cases while the rest are fingernail fungal infections. Fungal nail infections are most common in the elderly, those who have diabetes or a weakened immune system, and those who are generally susceptible to infections.
What are some symptoms of nail fungal infections?
As the infection gets severe, the nail becomes thick and starts to hurt when they press inside the shoe. The nail becomes too difficult to trim. The appearance of an infected nail can be embarrassing. The skin near the infected nail may also be itchy, crack, or turn white.
How can nail fungal infections be treated?
The goal of a nail fungus treatment is to eradicate the fungus. Nails infected by yeasts and molds can be highly resistant to treatment. The most effective treatment is the one taken by mouth. Examples of these are itraconazole, griseofulvin, and terbinafine. Some treatments are only applied to the nail. Examples of these are amorolfine nail lacquer and tioconazole nail solution. Sometimes a topical solution may go hand in hand with an oral treatment. It also helps to keep the nail clean and dry all the time as well as properly trimmed.
1All about the Oha Leaves
The Oha leaf or African Rosewood is a popular vegetable. This is native to the Igbos of Nigeria. The Igbo name of this plant is Ora or Oha, but its English name is African Rosewood. This plant is known for being medicinal, and it can grow into a huge tree that has evergreen leaves. Such green leaves are truly nutritious, and they are a popular ingredient of the famous soup called Oha or Ora soup. This can also be prepared in combination with cocoyam or achi, uziza leaves, chicken, and palm kernel oil.
Since it is a vegetable, a person can already say that the oha leaf contains a lot of nutrients that can benefit the body in many ways. Some of these nutrients include magnesium, zinc, Vitamins B and C, iron, antioxidants, protein, and fiber. The leaves also possess manganese and copper, these minerals are required for the body’s proper functioning.
As an Antimicrobial
Based on a study of the traditional uses of oha leaves in various sociolinguistic groups, the various forms of the oha leaves parts or organs can treat 64 diseases and pathogens. This plant is known among the many tribes in Nigeria for its antimicrobial properties. This is why it can heal fever, pain, respiratory conditions, headaches, and convulsions. They often use this vegetable as an ingredient in a soup which can help treat someone who has malaria.
Other Health Benefits
The following are some of the other health benefits of the African rosewood, to help you understand how cooking it can help your body to stay healthy:
Helps with Diabetes
One other health benefit of the African rosewood is that it is beneficial for diabetics. Oha leaves are low in glycemic index and they can help with regulating blood glucose levels. This will prevent calorie buildup in the blood which can increase the blood glucose level.
Helps with Anemia
Oha leaves are also a great source of dietary iron, helping prevent anemia. Iron is needed by the body for the creation of hemoglobin. This brings oxygen to the tissues and cells of the body. Leafy vegetables like oha leaves are recommended for pregnant women and women of child-bearing age who need more hemoglobin during pregnancy and after menstruation.
Helps with Digestion
African rosewood can make the entire digestion process easier and faster because of its fiber content. Fiber facilitates digestion which helps prevent constipation, irritable bowel syndrome or IBS, and other digestive conditions. This plant also promotes gut health, which helps in the prevention of colon cancer. When you suffer from regular constipation, you can use this herb as part of your cooking to help maintain gut health.
Improves Bone Health
Oha leaves are loaded with calcium, manganese, and magnesium. These are the three essential minerals that are significant for bone health and development. Food items that are rich in essential nutrients and minerals help prevent various bone diseases such as arthritis and osteoporosis.
Boosts the Immune System
The African rosewood contains essential vitamins and nutrients that can boost the body’s immune system. The leaves have phytochemicals and antioxidants that enhance the immune system, fighting off infections and various diseases. A 2015 study done on rats revealed that the rats showed a significant increase in their immune system after being administered extracts of the oha leaves.
Promotes Joint Health
One other benefit of the oha leaves is that it helps promote joint health. This plant also eliminates the pain that comes with arthritis. This is because of its manganese content which helps keep the joints lubricated. It also helps in cartilage formation around the joints.
Makes Skin Glow
Oha leaves contain saponins. According to studies, saponins have antioxidant effects on the skin which helps prevent skin damage caused by UV rays. It provides this by preventing extracellular matrix degradation and irritation because of its anti-inflammatory properties. Saponins may also help those who have acne because of their antiseptic activity.
Improves Eye Health
This plant is rich in vitamin A which is essential to have clear vision even under poor lighting. It also ensures a healthy immune system, for reproduction, and also for growth, and development.
Its vitamin B content also helps to ensure a healthy nervous system.