A fungal nail infection appears when a fungus attacks the fingernails, toenails, and even the skin underneath the nails. Fungi may attack the nails by way of small cuts on the skin that surround the nail and in that space between the nail and the nail bed. This may not cause a problem when you are physically healthy. It’s another story when you have diabetes or a weak immune system. Then a nail fungal infection becomes a problem.
Causes of a Nail Fungal Infection
Fungal nail infections may be caused by different types of fungi, yeasts, and molds. The most common cause of nail infections are fungi that belong to the group called dermatophytes. These fungi also cause jock itch, ringworm, and athlete’s foot.
Fungi grow in a dark, warm, and moist environment. It can easily be spread from one person to another. It is possible for you to incur nail fungal infections by walking barefoot in public areas like swimming pools and locker rooms and also by sharing personal items like nail clippers and towels.
Symptoms of a Nail Fungal Infection
A nail fungal infection may cause a nail to become white, yellow, green, or brown. The nail may also become thicker and harder to trim. In some cases, it can make the nail brittle or crumbly. The nail may also separate from the skin under it. It may cause discomfort and pain when walking or even just wearing shoes. When left untreated, the infection may become worse and cause permanent damage to the nail bed.
Treating a Nail Fungal Infection
You may treat a nail fungal infection using nonprescription topical nail fungus treatment like cream, nail lacquer, or lotion. The doctor may also prescribe a more potent medication in the form of antifungal tablets. You may have to take this medication for weeks up to a year. It may be necessary to see your doctor a couple of times while taking this to prevent serious side effects.
7As an Antimicrobial
Tansy has been observed to possess antimicrobial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria to some degree. These microorganisms include Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, C. tropicalis, and Candida krusei. Tansy aerial plants have been observed to have anti-HSV activity. Its aqueous extracts help inactivate encephalitis virus, but this may induce resistance to such virus among infected mice.