Toenail fungal infections are a common condition of the nails. It is medically called onychomycosis or tinea unguium. This fungal infection can affect both the toenails and fingernails, but it is more prevalent on the toenails. It occurs to around 10 percent of the adult population in the US. There are various types of nail fungal infections, depending on the type of fungus that causes it. Fungal infected nails are most commonly caused by parasitic fungi called dermatophytes.
4What are some triggers of toenail fungal infection?
There are several triggers that increase the risk of incurring a toenail fungal infection. These include wearing tight shoes and wet socks, repetitive trauma to the nails, or an existing skin condition. Since dermatophytes thrive in damp and moist environments, you become more prone when you don’t wear proper footwear in areas like public swimming pools, lockers rooms, and gyms. Those who are diabetic and have circulatory disorders, as well as a weakened immune system, are also more prone to the infection.