Nail fungus is also known as onychomycosis. It is a condition wherein the fingernails and toenails become infected with fungus. This leads to yellowing or discoloration of the nail as the fungus goes deeper into one’s nail. This condition can be painful at times. There are instances when the condition eventually leads to the separation of the nail and the nail bed. This is a condition known as onycholysis.
Fungal infections are quite common due to the presence of microscope fungi, molds, and yeasts that are present everywhere. Toenails are more susceptible to fungus because it flourishes in warm and moist environments.
Toenail infections can be stubborn, but they can be treated. When the infection is not treated, it can become worse over time. The following are some of the symptoms of a nail fungal infection: nail discoloration, thickened and dull nails, debris buildup underneath the nail, separation of the nail from the skin, having brittle and ragged nails, yellow-streaked nails, and the appearance of white spots on the nail surface.
The doctor is likely to look for the symptoms stated below to diagnose the condition or to rule it out. A nail sample may also be required. This will be sent to a lab for further investigation under a microscope.
When it comes to nail fungus treatment, the doctor is likely to suggest one or more of the following courses of treatments for fungal nail infections. One is by taking oral antifungal medications that can be done for 6 to 12 weeks to get rid of the infection. For the condition to be completely resolved, treatment may have to last for four months. Topical antifungals are also available in the form of nail lacquer and ointment. The doctor may suggest the use of topical and oral antifungals to completely stop the spread of infection.
1All about the Tangerine Peel
Tangerines are a kind of mandarin orange, which is known as the second-largest cultivated citrus fruit. The first is oranges. Same as oranges, tangerines are also orange even though there are some that are red or green. However, these are a bit smaller and not as round. They can also be peeled easily by the hand. Tangerines are also known to have a sweeter taste. Both the flesh and peel of the tangerines are full of nutrients. These can be consumed as a snack on the go. They can be blended into a refreshing juice or smoothie or made into a salad dressing or sweet jam.
What makes the tangerine truly unique is the nutritional value of its peels. The peel or flesh of the tangerine is known for its having a substantial amount of vitamin C, vitamin B6, beta carotene, and calcium. As a result, the peel of the fruit offers several health advantages. This is also used in various health supplements. Moreover, tangerine also contains an antioxidant called tangeretin, which has been established to contain the most remarkable health benefits. The tangerine peel contains a lot of valuable components that can support cholesterol, liver, and blood sugar health. The peel may also help with ensuring digestive health, particularly in digesting fatty acids.
As an Antimicrobial
Previous studies revealed that sweet orange extracts contain high antimicrobial activity against some common pathogens. Citrus fruit peel extracts were tested against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogenic bacterial strains and fungi. The sweet orange peel extract exhibited the highest antimicrobial impact against all the aforementioned pathogens. Orange peel extract has shown a strong antibacterial effect on Escherichia coli, Shigella flexineri, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Staphylococcus aureus.
Other Health Benefits
Apart from the aforementioned health benefits of tangerine peels, it is also known to contribute to health in the following ways:
For Skin Infection Prevention
A tangerine peel can help prevent skin disorders and ensure skin health. This peel may also help control several skin complications which include rashes, pimples, acne, and other skin conditions. Moreover, this may aid skin rejuvenation, making your skin look younger and much healthier. Tangerine peel is also rich in vitamin C, which can help boost skin health.
For Weight Loss Support
According to a study, a tangerine peel can be used for reducing calories. This can be consumed as tea before you take meals. Its infused peel may also be used as a spice in different meals. It can be used as an alternative to fatty dressings.
For Brain Health Support
Tangerines are rich in antioxidants like vitamin C and nobiletin. These components can provide the brain with protection from chronic disorders like Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Tangerine’s antioxidant content may provide the brain with protection from free radical-induced damage. According to some studies, nobiletin may also reduce the negative effects on the brain in people who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease. This is because nobiletin can protect the brain cells from toxicity and beta-amyloid accumulation, which have been closely associated with diseases.
For Heart Health
Antioxidants that are found in tangerines like nobiletin, vitamin C, and tangeretin may help with heart health. Several animal and human studies exhibited that vitamin C may help reduce the risk for heart diseases as it reduces blood pressure as well as platelet aggregation. It also improves blood vessel performance and lowers blood triglyceride and bad cholesterol levels.
For Immune System Boost
Tangerine is loaded with vitamin C which helps protect the immune system from viruses and bacteria by its effects on T cells, white blood cells that can protect the body. Research has shown that vitamin C has an influence on the development and function of T cells. This also blocks the pathways that direct them to their own demise. This enables you to maintain healthy cells that are strong enough to fight off infections.
Furthermore, vitamin C can enhance phagocytes which are immune cells that absorb harmful bacteria and other compounds. It also helps strengthen the body’s immune response. Vitamin C has been observed to reduce the level of severity of allergic reactions. This quality has been closely linked to naringenin and hesperidin, which are also antioxidants found in the tangerine peel.
Remember that tangerines and oranges can be tart or sweet. Most tangerines are less tart and sweeter compared to oranges.