Nail fungal infection is also known as onychomycosis is a fungal infection that affects the nail bed, surrounding skin, and matrix. The fungus may infect the toenails and fingernails although it is more common in the former. The fungus usually affects the tip of the nail first before it is spread toward the cuticle.
The infected nail may become white-yellow or yellow-brown. The nail may also thicken, and it may develop a crust. The surrounding area may also become red and swollen and painful. Oftentimes, this may lead to discomfort. The nail may also become misshapen. Grooves and ridges may appear in them. The nail could also crumble and separate completely from the nail bed.
Fungi naturally inhabit the human environment. This is why people have yeasts, molds, and other microorganisms on their skin but they don’t usually develop into an infection. An overgrowth and infection may develop when a fungus enters the skin through a small crack or cut in the nail. Fungi thrive in a warm and moist environment, which is the same conditions as the nail bed.
Several conditions may trigger a nail fungal infection. Having sweaty feet and wearing tight shoes without proper ventilation may trigger a nail fungal infection. Walking barefoot in public places like swimming pools and changing rooms may increase the risk of getting infected with nail fungus. The following conditions may also increase the risk of infection: being 65 years old and older, having poor blood circulation, suffering from diabetes, and having a weakened immune system.
It is challenging to treat a toenail fungal infection by yourself. And the worse part is that it usually recurs. This makes it important to consult with a dermatologist who can diagnose and provide a nail fungus treatment plan. The dermatologist often prescribes an oral and topical antifungal. Other treatment options include laser treatment and surgery.
1All about the Scotch Bonnet Pepper
Pepper is known as a unique vegetable, which is made popular because of its spicy hot flavor. It is widely known when it comes to spicing and flavoring foods. You can find different types of peppers all over the world. These include the following: ghost pepper, peter pepper, black pepper, datil pepper, white pepper, Chili pepper, numex twilight, Carolina Reaper, Jolokia Pepper, and Naga Viper.
One of the hottest peppers on earth is the scotch bonnet pepper. It is called Caribbean red peppers, Fresh Pepper, Bonney peppers, flower pepper, and Ata Rodo. This variety of chili pepper comes with a unique smoky flavor and it tastes like fruit. This is often used as an ingredient in various dishes to make them spicy. If you have an aversion to spicy food, it would be better to stay away from the scotch bonnet pepper.
It is possible to lessen the level of hotness. This can be done by removing the seeds and membrane found inside the pepper itself. This is where you can find the most stored heat. This type of chili pepper comes in various colors namely yellow, red, green, and orange. The yellow one is the spiciest of them. It also has a distinct flavor compared to the red and green varieties. This pepper is low in calories, and it grows all year round in many tropical countries.
Scotch bonnets got their name from the Scottish man’s hat because of their resemblance. Whenever you get to touch this pepper, you have to wash your hands with soap and water carefully. This will wash off the heat that may be left on your hands when you touch it. This heat is provided by an antioxidant known as capsaicin.
Scotch bonnet peppers are a superb source of phytochemicals and other vitamins like A, K, and C. It is also rich in copper and iron along with the previously mentioned antioxidant called capsaicin.
As an Antifungal and Antimicrobial
Scotch bonnet peppers have been observed to protect one’s digestive health. These are often used as a food preservative due to their antifungal and antibacterial properties. According to research, these attributes also protect the human body from these harmful pathogens. Hot peppers are capable of minimizing the adverse effects of food-borne pathogens which include salmonella, listeria, and other bacterial strains and fungi.
Other Health Benefits and Uses
Scotch bonnet peppers don’t function only as flavor enhancers of foods. They are also nutrient-dense. The following are some of the other health benefits of this type of chili pepper:
Scotch bonnet peppers may work as a substitute for treating various kinds of pain like headaches, rheumatoid pain, inflammatory heat, osteoarthritis pain, and painful diabetic neuropathy, thanks to the capsaicin found in them.
This type of chili pepper is rich in capsaicin. According to researchers, they have been observed to reduce the excess fat stored by the body. If your goal is to shed some excess pounds, make it a point to include scotch bonnet peppers in your daily diet.
The roots of scotch bonnet peppers may be used in the preparation of local medicines, which can be used for treating asthma.
Treatment for Cardiovascular Diseases
The capsaicin found in scotch bonnet peppers together with its other components makes it possible for this type of chili pepper to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, and hypertension.
This type of pepper can be used to color various food items. This is due to their strong colors just like those of red long peppers, paprika pepper, purple pepper, cayenne peppers, and others.
Helps Reduce Cancer Risk
Capsaicin contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties, which makes it a popular subject of study when it comes to cancer-fighting foods. This reduces the development of prostate cancer cells while letting the normal cells on their own. According to research, consuming a large number of scotch bonnet peppers can help prevent pancreatic, breast, and bladder cancers.
Possible Side Effects
Not everyone can benefit from eating scotch bonnet peppers. When such hot peppers are consumed, the brain may receive pain signals that may lead to nausea, upset stomach, and vomiting. Moreover, they also result in a burning sensation. If you happen to have consumed a toxic substance this may cause a reaction with scotch bonnet peppers.