Toenail fungus goes by the name onychomycosis. It is an infection that occurs on both fingernails and toenails and is caused by fungi and yeast. It comprises over 50 percent of all nail disorders. The most common form of nail fungus infection is caused by debris that grows underneath the nail and spreads to the fingers, nail bed, and even the grooves found on the sides of the nails.
6What makes toenail fungal infections happen?
Toenail fungal infections occur due to various types of microorganisms such as fungi, yeast, and mold. Dermatophytes are the most common type of fungi that can cause nail fungus infections. These microorganisms are not visible to the human eye, and they feed off keratin, which is a type of protein that can make the nails hard. Many types of nail fungus are contagious. This can be spread through direct contact with an infected person or through contact with an infected surface. Dermatophytes can be spread easily to the skin. This infection is known as ringworm. The infection may also spread to other toenails, the skin in between the toes also known as athlete’s foot, groin area which is commonly known as jock itch, and the scalp.