Toenail fungus infection is that infection caused by fungus around the toenails. It is known medically as onychomycosis. The actual location of the infection is underneath the nail plate and on the nail bed. This is caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes as well as yeasts and molds. Fungus feeds on the keratin found on the nail surface. It commonly affects the big and little toes.
Symptoms of the Nail Fungal Infection
Nail fungal infections often have the following signs and symptoms: nails that become yellow or brown, pain around the infected area, nails become crumbly and brittle and they tend to lift off the nail bed. You can also find debris under the nails.
Factors That Contribute to the Infection
Nail fungal infection is more prevalent in people who are above 60 years old. Fungus thrives in a warm and moist environment. That’s why people who are always in public pools, showers, and locker rooms are more prone to fungus infection. The infection is also more likely to occur in people who are always wearing closed shoes. People who have diabetes, HIV/AIDS, or other immunosuppressive conditions are more susceptible to nail fungus infections.
Treatment for Nail Fungal Infection
It’s not necessary to see a doctor right away when you notice signs of nail fungal infection. You have several options for a nail fungus treatment to use. However, diabetics who experience foot and nail fungus problems must see their physicians to avoid developing foot ulcers. For a proper diagnosis including the specific fungus that causes the infection, the doctor often scrapes the debris under the nail or clip the nail and look at it under a microscope or send it to a lab for fungal culture.
You have the best shot at treating nail fungus infection by taking oral antifungal pills. The most common ones are fluconazole, terbinafine, and itraconazole. These may cause liver problems and may have adverse effects on the blood cell counts. Blood tests are often conducted before the start of treatment. You also have to look out for any possible side effects while under treatment. When you have a stubborn nail fungal infection, surgical nail removal is often required by the doctor whether it is only a part or the total removal of the nail.
There are also home remedies for nail fungal infections. These are more natural and have no side effects. Examples of these natural remedies include apple cider vinegar, tea tree oil, oregano and olive oil, onions, ginger, turmeric, and others.
1Other Health Benefits and Uses of Potatoes
Potatoes are known for being a versatile vegetable as well as a staple food in numerous houses. The good thing about potatoes is that they are easy to grow, affordable, and are loaded with various nutrients.
Loaded with Nutrients
The nutrients found in potatoes vary depending on the variety and the method of preparation. For example, fried potatoes have more calories than those that are baked. Potato skins also have multiple nutrients that peeling them may reduce their nutritional value. A medium-baked potato with skin may possess these nutrients among others: potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin C, fiber, protein, manganese, niacin, folate, and phosphorus.
Has Lots of Antioxidants
Potatoes are packed with compounds such as flavonoids, phenolic acids, and carotenoids that act as the body’s antioxidants as they neutralize free radicals that are harmful to the body. With the accumulation of the body’s free radicals, your risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes increase. A test-tube study showed that antioxidants in potatoes control the growth of colon and liver cancer cells.
Aids in Blood Sugar Control
Potatoes are rich in resistant starch which is credited for many health benefits such as insulin resistance which helps in blood sugar control. The resistant starch content of potatoes may also be increased by storing boiled potatoes overnight in the fridge and eating them cold.
Improves Digestive Health
Resistant starch is also useful in aiding digestive health. When this reaches the large intestines, it automatically becomes food for good bacteria in the gut. The bacteria digest this and make it into short-chain fatty acids. Resistant starch is turned into short-chain fatty acid butyrate which reduces inflammation in the colon and strengthens its defenses, reducing the risk of incurring colorectal cancer.
Naturally without Gluten
People who have celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity may go through some forms of discomfort when they consume foods that have gluten. The symptoms include diarrhea, skin rash, stomach pain, constipation, bloating, and others. The remedy for this is to follow a gluten-free diet, to which potatoes can contribute a lot since they are naturally gluten-free and are not likely to trigger the symptoms.
Potatoes are also great for those who are trying to lose weight since they are naturally filling. Potatoes contain a protein known as proteinase inhibitor 2 (PI2) that can reduce one’s appetite.