Pistachios: the Wonder Nut That Can Kill Microbes

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What is a toenail fungal infection? Toenail fungus is a widespread infection that mostly affects the toenails more than fingernails. It also affects the fingernails although less commonly. Another name for this infection is onychomycosis. Toenail fungus infections occur when fungus gets in through that space between the nail and nail bed.

Is It Common?

Toenail fungus is quite a common condition, especially when people become older. According to medical experts, onychomycosis occurs in 1 out of 10 people. It increases to 1 out of 2 for people who are 70 years old.

What causes it?

More than one type of fungus may cause a nail fungal infection. The most common of these is a group known as dermatophytes. These are fungal microorganisms that feed off keratin found in your nails and skin. A fungal infection may also be caused by yeast and molds.

What are common ways to become infected?

There are various ways in which you may incur a nail fungal infection. Fungi usually flourish in a warm and moist environment. This is why walking barefoot in damp places with many people often bring you this infection. People who have chronic conditions may also be more prone to the infection. These include diabetes or a blood circulation disorder.

What are its symptoms?

Nail fungus may alter the appearance of the nails in several ways which include a change in color with the nail becoming yellow, white, or green, the nail becoming cloudy and chalky, it may also become thicker, misshapen, and difficult to trim. The infected nail may also separate from the nail bed. This may cause pain and smell bad as well.

What are some treatments?

Toenail fungus can be a challenge to treat. The most effective nail fungus treatment is the prescription-based oral antifungal. This has to be taken for several months. An alternative would be the prescription-based topical antifungal.

8All about Pistachios

Pistachios are tree nuts. They are not to possess multiple health benefits. These are known for being a great source of protein, fiber, and antioxidants. These nuts are often consumed as healthy mid-meal snacks just like cashews, walnuts, hazelnuts, and pine nuts. Pistachios are green, uniquely shaped, and mildly sweet nuts. These are known as one of the oldest ones. They are the elongated edible seeds that come from the Pistacia vera tree of the Anacardiaceae family. These originated in Central Asia and the Middle East.

Nutritional Value

Pistachios are a powerhouse of antioxidants which include beta-carotene, lutein, and gamma-tocopherol. These are valuable in preventing cell damage and disease prevention. These nuts are also loaded with vitamin E, protein, vitamin B6, folate, thiamin, vitamin B5, fiber, as well as minerals such as calcium, manganese, potassium, copper, and phosphorus. Pistachios are also jam-packed with essential fatty acids.

As an Antimicrobial

Researchers have looked into the antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral properties of the Pistacia vera lipophilic extracts as well as the antiviral and antimicrobial effects of pistachio essential oil. The polyphenols found in pistachios have been observed to be effective against various pathogens. It has also shown antibacterial activity on S. aureus, L. monocytogenes, and MRSA strains. Pistachio polyphenols can be combined with antibiotics to help in developing topical agents that will work for treating skin infections and for other topical applications.

Other Health Benefits

Apart from the mentioned benefits above, pistachios have numerous other health benefits which include the following:

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