Toenail fungal infections are common nail disorders. It is said that about 10 percent of the population is affected by this condition. Toenail fungus results in nail discoloration, thickening, cracking, as well as breaking. This appears as a fungal overgrowth that gets through the nail and results in an infection.
Causes of the infection
Microscopic organisms bring you to nail fungus, the most common of which belong to the group called dermatophytes. There are various ways for you to come into contact with fungi such as through skin contact with someone infected, skin contact with surfaces that are moist where the fungus is likely to thrive, sharing of personal items like nail clippers, having cracks and cuts in the nail or skin, and wearing tight socks and shoes.
Some people are more prone to nail fungal infections than others. These include older adults, those who live in humid and hot climates, people with conditions like diabetes, a blood circulation disorder, psoriasis, and a weakened immune system, and those who have a nail injury.
Common symptoms of the infection
Symptoms of a nail fungal infection are easy to determine. These include the following: having discolored nails (usually yellow, white, or brown), thickened nails, and hardened and brittle or cracked nails. In some cases, the nail may also lift off the nail bed and give off a foul smell.
Diagnosis and treatment options
For a clinical diagnosis, the doctor may ask for a nail sample to be sent to a lab to determine the exact microorganism that caused the infection. Based on the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe an oral nail fungus treatment or a topical one that can be applied directly to the nail. More often, the first choice of treatment is oral medication since it can clear the infection more quickly and effectively than topical medication.
2All about the asthma plant or weed
The asthma weed or plant which is the common name of euphorbia belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family. This can be easily found in open lands, dirt roads, and roadsides. It is believed to be native to India, and it grows in Australia, Central America, Africa, and South Asia. Some of its other common names include milkweed, radium weed, and poinsettia.
This plant is easy to grow and maintain. It is known for being tough and capable of thriving under direct sunlight but may also survive under the shade. It can also survive even in drought conditions and flourish excellently in organic and mineral-filled soil. Under the Euphorbiaceae family, there are 4,000 varieties, and each one of these has its own set of health benefits.
The asthma weed is an annual plant. It blooms and produces fruits annually. Every part of the plant also possesses a milky latex. It possesses the following chemical compounds: tannins, glycosides, alkaloids, triterpenoids, choline, shikimic acid, quercetin, and alkenes. It is because of this chemical structure that this plant has multiple health benefits. That is why it is also traditionally used for treating various ailments for thousands of years.
All the parts of the plant have their own benefits and are used as remedies for various ailments. The flowers, leaves, and sap of this plant can be used in various forms and ways, depending on the ailment being treated.
As an antifungal and antimicrobial
Methanol extracts from asthma plant leaves were studied to determine their antimicrobial activity against bacteria species such as Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeuroginosa, Klebsiella Pneumoniae, and also fungi such as Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizopus oryzae, and Aspergillus fumigatus. The result showed that the extract from the leaves possesses substantial antimicrobial effects against other extracts.
In another study, the methanolic extracts of asthma plant’s leaves, flowers, stems, and roots were investigated for their antimicrobial activities against four Gram-positive bacteria (Micrococcus sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus thuringensis, and Bacillus subtilis), four Gram-negative bacteria (P. mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, and Klebsiella pneumonia), and one yeast species (Candida albicans). The results showed that all the extracts have antimicrobial activities against all the microorganisms. This means that the plant can be used for the discovery of new bioactive natural products that may lead to new pharmaceuticals.
Other health benefits
The asthma plant has multiple benefits. Some of these are the following: anti-tumor activity, pest repellent activity, anti-inflammatory activity, antiviral activity, anti-diabetic activity, wound healing and sedative activities, and anti-oxidation activity. Some of the other health benefits of the plant include:
Boosts the body’s immune system
The asthma plant has a strong impact on the body’s immune system in different ways. It is also used as a remedy for eye infections. Its flowers can be turned into a decoction that is used for soothing eye infections and reducing conjunctivitis. Until today, this herbaceous plant is still used for such purposes.