Fungal infection of the nails affects both the fingernails and toenails. This common condition which is often considered a cosmetic issue is known as onychomycosis. This is caused by a fungal microbe that attacks the nail bed.
5What are the usual causes and risk factors?
The most common cause of nail fungus infections is a group of fungi known as dermatophytes. It may also be caused by yeast and molds. Some habits and medical conditions may make one more vulnerable to nail fungus. Some conditions such as the following may make one more susceptible to the fungus: diabetes, a blood circulation disorder, athlete’s foot, having a nail injury, and having a weakened immune system. Some personal habits that increase one’s risk of getting infected include walking barefoot in damp public areas like swimming pools and changing rooms, using pedicure tools that are not properly sanitized, wearing artificial nails, and wearing tight shoes for a prolonged period.