Fungal nail infections known as onychomycosis can affect both the toenails and fingernails. But toenail infections are more common than fingernail infections.
Various changes may take place on your fingernails and toenails. The following are some of the nail changes that may occur: having thickened or rough nails, pain, and tenderness in the area, the nail separating from the nail bed, having brittle and crumbly nails, and having white or yellow streaks under one’s nail tips. The infection may sometimes cause pain and discomfort.
Fungal nail infections are brought by a fungus that spreads from under the nail towards the nailbed. Various types of fungi may cause the infection, the most common of these belong to the group called dermatophytes. Yeasts and molds may also cause the infection. A broken or injured nail may be infected by fungus. It may also start from the nearby skin and spread towards the nail.
Several factors may increase the likelihood of you getting infected. These include the following: having diabetes, poor blood circulation, a weakened immune system, being older than 60 years old, being able to work in a dam and humid environment, and wearing inappropriate footwear.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The doctor will be able to give a clinical diagnosis after sending a nail clipping or scraping to the pathology lab for testing. This will be able to identify the type of microorganism that caused the infection.
Nail fungal infections are hard to cure because the fungus can be stubborn. The doctor usually recommends oral antifungals such as itraconazole, terbinafine, and fluconazole. This type of treatment may last from 6 weeks to 12 months. As an alternative to this, a topical nail fungus treatment may also be prescribed.
In some cases, laser treatment may be prescribed, but this is not as effective as the aforementioned treatments.
9All about the Kantakari
The Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum) has been used in Ayurveda and folklore medicine. This plant belongs to the Solanaceae family. This plant is commonly used in India. The Kantakari has several other names such as yellow-berried nightshade, Surattense nightshade, Thai green eggplant, yellow-fruit nightshade, and Thai striped eggplant. Some parts of this plant are poisonous, such as its fruit.
This is often seen as a weed, but it is a highly regarded medicinal plant in the practice of Ayurveda. This is one of the roots that belong to the Dashmula group of ten roots. The decoction of the plant is for treating gonorrhea. The fruits are a good laxative. The plant is also bitter, anthelmintic, anodyne, carminative, febrifuge, depurative, appetizer, aphrodisiac, emmenagogue, and diuretic.
As an Antimicrobial
Solanum xanthocarpum is known for having repellent properties. Based on research, the methanolic extract has powerful antifungal properties. Studies also revealed solanum xanthocarpum to be a good antibacterial. Its concentrated extract with exhane is effective against C albicans.
Other Health Benefits
Apart from the previously mentioned benefits of Kantakari, you can find several other uses and applications of the plant. Here are some of the most known: