Toenail fungus which is medically known as onychomycosis occurs when fungal infections take place underneath the nail’s surface. This causes changes in color and texture of the nails and at times even causes pain and a foul odor on the infected nail. A nail that has been infected with nail fungus oftentimes turns yellow, green, or brown. It may also become brittle, crumbly, and ragged on the edges. In some cases, the nail separates from the nail bed and sometimes it may completely fall off.
8Causes and Risks
The most common cause of nail fungal infection is a group of fungi known as dermatophytes, which also causes jock itch, athlete’s foot, and ringworm. A nail fungus infection may also be caused by yeast and molds. People who have diabetes, are immuno-compromised, or have circulation disorders are more prone to nail fungus infections. Some habits may also make one susceptible to it. These include walking barefoot in public places like swimming pools, gyms, and changing rooms, sharing personal items like towels and manicure or pedicure tools, wearing artificial nails, and wearing closed-toe shoes for a prolonged period.