Fungal infections that affect the nails are known as dermatophytic onychomycosis and also as tinea unguium. The fungus that is responsible for this infection is the same fungus that gives you athlete’s foot, ringworm, and jock itch. The fungus feeds off keratin which is that protein substance that makes the nail hard. A nail fungal infection may affect both the fingernails and toenails. However, it is more prevalent on the toenails.
What are the causes of fungal infection?
The most common cause of nail fungal infections is a fungus that belongs to the group known as dermatophytes. In some cases, a fungal infection may be caused by yeasts like Candida or molds. These normally attack nails that are already damaged because these are easier to invade. Both fingernail and toenail infections are common among elderly people, those who have a weakened immune system, diabetes, a blood circulation disorder, and other chronic conditions. These people are more susceptible to becoming infected with nail fungus.
What are some common symptoms of the infection?
A fungal infection often starts at a free edge of a nail. Then it spreads down on the side of the nail until it affects the cuticle base. Eventually, the entire nail may become infected. The infected area of the nail may become whitish or yellowish, thickened, crumbly, brittle, and dull. It’s the big and little toenails that are often infected.
What are some treatments for nail fungal infections?
It’s important to be cautious that the fungal infection won’t spread to other parts of the toes. It can be embarrassing and uncomfortable to have nail fungal infections as well. Doctors may prescribe an oral nail fungus treatment but only after a lab test result is obtained which shows the microorganism that caused the infection. A topical nail fungal medication may also be prescribed, but this is less effective than oral medication. In some cases, a combination of these two types of nail fungal treatments may be recommended.
1All about the Frangipani
Plumeria is a genus that has 7 to 8 species that all grow in tropical and subtropical Americas. This genus is comprised mainly of deciduous trees and shrubs. Frangipani is a popular small tree or a spreading shrub that grows up to 2 to 8 meters. It is known for its thick and succulent trunk and blunt branches that look like a sausage. Its trunk is covered with gray and thin bark. It has huge green leaves. The flowers are known for their prominence, and they have five petals that are strongly fragrant. The color of the flowers ranges from pink to white with shades of yellow right in the center.
In Filipino, the Frangipani is called kalachuchi. This is native to South America and the Latin American regions of Mexico and the Caribbean. Ancient Indians believed that this tree is a representation of the soul’s infinite life. This is so because the tree continues to bloom even if this has been cut. This flower is also a symbol of love and spirituality.
As an Antifungal and Antimicrobial
A study was done on the antimicrobial activities of frangipani extracts namely petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol, isobutanol, and ethyl acetate against Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, and also a fungus. Examples of these are Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Erwinia carotovora.
In another study, the stems bark, and leaf extracts were investigated for their antifungal and antibacterial activities. The presence of alkaloids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, terpenes, steroids, phenols, and balsam. The extracts were seen to be inhibitory against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria like Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungi like Candida albicans.
Other Benefits of Frangipani
Frangipani flowers and oils have their own sets of benefits. These include the following:
People who suffer from severe headaches would find the essential oil helpful. This oil contains anti-inflammatory properties that help treat extreme headaches and other types of pains like back pains and muscle aches. It is also useful for individuals who suffer from headaches to include this in their routine applications.
Helps treat boils
Treating ulcers with frangipani can be done in two ways. First through the use of its leaves and coconut oil. The leaves are smeared with coconut oil and these are tacked on the body part that has boils. Another way is to use the sap of a tree using frangipani. The sap is taken straight from the tree and smeared on the specific body part with the sores.
Frangipani essential oil is known to reduce stress as well. It also restores your peace. It comes with a sedative effect that can give you a sound sleep. This oil comes to mind and provides stress relief as well.
Warts can be removed naturally and quickly with the use of kalachuchi leaves. All you have to do is to remove the sap from the flowers using cotton then stick this on the wart.
Can Be Used as Antibiotics
Frangipani flowers contain important compounds that possess medicinal properties like triterprenoid Amirin, fulvoplumierin, and lupeol. Such substances have anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic effects. Furthermore, such beneficial contents will be able to prevent heatstroke and lessen menstrual pain.
Induces Deep Sleep
Kalachuchi essential oil has a calming effect. It also provides a sedative effect to those who inhale the oil. A sedative can induce sleep since it can calm the mind and relieve you of stress.
Traditionally, the frangipani has the following health benefits:
In India, this plant is used as a diarrhea remedy as well as to get rid of the itch. Its milky juice is great for the treatment of rheumatism and inflammation. Its bark is also used for treating diarrhea, gonorrhea, and fever. The natives in Mexico used this for treating intermittent fevers and skin concerns. The bark is also used for gonorrhea, dropsy, and dysuria in Madura and Java. Its milky latex is also used for treating sores as well as toothache. A decoction from the frangipani leaves can be rubbed on the cracks and eruptions of the feet’s soles. A paste made from leaves can be used as a poultice for swellings. In Mexico, the decoction from the frangipani flowers can be used for treating diabetes.