Nail fungal infections are a common condition of the nails. It causes 50 percent of nail abnormalities. They affect both the fingernails and toenails although it is more common in fingernails. The infection can cause the nails to become discolored, misshapen, thick, and most likely to break or crack. The more technical name for nail fungus infection is onychomycosis. It affects the older adult population and it is more prevalent among males compared to females.
6How do you become infected?
Fungal infections can be caused by several types of fungi and sometimes even yeasts and molds that are present in the environment. These microorganisms enter the nail through cracks or cuts in the nail or surrounding skin and cause an infection. You can get infected by being in contact with someone who has the infection or by touching an infected surface.
Several factors increase the probability of being infected such as having a skin or nail injury or infection, diabetes, a weak immune system, blood circulation issues, athlete’s foot, and having a family history of nail fungal infections.