It is common to have nail fungal infections. This condition is also known as tinea unguium. This is an infection that results in thickened and unsightly nails that may cause discomfort and pain sometimes. Medication may work on this, but this has to be taken for several weeks.
Who easily gets infected?
This condition is more common among people who are 60 years old and older. This can also occur frequently in younger people who tend to share communal showers and pools such as swimmers and other athletes. People who suffer from certain chronic conditions like diabetes and blood circulation disorders are also at a high risk of this infection.
What causes this type of infection?
A nail fungal infection may occur due to a spread from a fungal skin infection. It is possible for the infection to spread to the other toenails. A fingernail fungal infection may turn into a toenail fungal infection. The most common cause of toenail fungal infection is fungi that belong to the group called dermatophytes. This group of fungi also causes jock itch, ringworm, and athlete’s foot.
What are the usual symptoms?
Most often the nail infection may occur only in one nail, but several nails may also be infected. It’s usually without pain even if the nail becomes thick and discolored, often changing into a green and yellow color. Most commonly, this is what occurs; but the infection sometimes becomes worse. In some cases, the nail sets off the nail bed, and white or yellow patches appear in places where the nail is lifted off. Sometimes the nail may completely come off. The infected nail may also become crumbly and brittle.
What are the common treatments?
You have several options for a nail fungus treatment. The doctor usually prescribes two types of medications: Terbinafine tablets and Itraconazole tablets. The treatment depends on the type of fungus that caused the nail infection.
2All about the Goji Berry
Goji berries are known as superfoods due to their vitamin A and C, antioxidants, and essential amino acids. The berries also contain complex carbohydrates. They are known to boost the body’s immune system, promote normal tissue growth, and treat cell damage caused by free radicals.
Goji berry is also known as wolfberry. It comes with bright orange and red color and is sweet and slightly sour too. These are native to Mongolia, China, and the Himalayas. Such berries have also been used in Chinese traditional medicine centuries. Such berries can be consumed in dried forms. This is so because when these berries are to be distributed fresh all over the world they may become rotten.
As an Antifungal
The goji berry possesses antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial compounds. A study revealed that the methanol extract of the goji berry has exhibited antifungal effects against Trichophyton rubrum and Candida albicans. Further studies are needed to establish the efficacy and mechanism of action included in the antifungal activities of the goji berry extract.
Other Health Benefits
Goji berries have been promoted for several of their health benefits, even if more clinical studies are needed to establish them:
Goji berries are loaded with vitamins A and C. These are known to be immunity boosters and they protect the body from various diseases. Studies have exhibited how goji berry juice and supplements could increase immune function response and the immune cell levels as well as promote general well-being, especially in older individuals.
Blood Sugar Control
Polysaccharides found in goji berries have been seen to be effective in reducing blood sugar levels in diabetics. Goji berries have the propensity to improve sugar IQ tolerance and reduce the body’s resistance to insulin. They must not however be used as alternatives to diabetic medications.
Goji berries contain a lot of antioxidants such as the following: zeaxanthin, betaine, ascorbic acid, and carotene. These prevent cell damage caused by free radicals and reduce oxidative stress, improving the body’s overall health and functionality of body cells.
According to a study, drinking goji berry juice for two weeks could enhance the body’s metabolism and reduce the waist size of people who are overweight. The chromium found in goji berries helps in maintaining good muscle mass, particularly when losing weight.
Valproic acid is also found in goji berries. The valproic acid may function as a mood stabilizer. This helps to regulate emotions and reduce depression or anxiety.
More studies have suggested that goji berries may improve eye health as well as protect against eye disorders like macular degeneration. This is a progressive eye condition that may lead to loss of sight. A 90-day study done on 150 older adults revealed that supplementing with goji berries could increase the blood’s antioxidant levels as well as prevent hypopigmentation of the macula or the central area of the retina. Goji berries also helped in softening the fatty protein deposits located under the retina.
Antioxidants and fatty acids in goji berries (particularly those that are palmitic, stearic, and oleic,) may help in cell regeneration and skin hydration. They may also help the skin soft and even. The berries also contain several minerals, vitamins, and nutrients that help in reducing acne as well as promoting collagen production.
Goji berries have been proven effective in improving male and female fertility since they can improve hormonal functions. It’s because of these properties that they have been used in traditional Chinese medication for improving fertility.
Goji berries have vitamin C. This can increase iron absorption and also promote hair growth. For strengthening one’s scalp and preventing hair fall, the berries can be consumed fresh, or you may wash your hair using the goji berry juice.