Nail fungal infection which is also known as onychomycosis is a common fungal infection that affects both the toenails and fingernails. This can cause discoloration and the thickening of one or more nails. There are some key points to fungal nail infections. They are common. Most of them are not critical or serious and can be cured with home remedies. These can also be treated by using medicated nail paint or oral medication prescribed by a physician.
In most cases, the only symptom is the difficulty of trimming the nail. But a nail fungal infection may also have other symptoms. The nail may become thicker or change in color. One or more nails may turn blue, white, black, or purple. The skin close to the nail may also itch or crack. The nail may set off the nail bed. Sometimes the infected area may cause pain, making it hard to walk or even wear shoes.
Fungi can be passed from one person to another. One can get infected also by sharing personal items like towels and nail clippers. Most nail fungal infections are caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes. Other possible causes of nail fungal infections are yeasts and molds.
When to Look for Help
It is important to see a doctor or pharmacist when the nails become painful and hinder your movements. Do this too when you are at risk of serious complications from the infection like when you have diabetes, tissue disorders, and vascular diseases.
The doctor will recommend a treatment plan depending on the cause of the infection and its severity. A nail fungus treatment includes topical medication like nail paints, creams, and medicated paints or with the use of oral antifungals in the form of capsules and tablets. It may take 12 months to determine if the treatment has been successful.
2All about Fenugreek
Fenugreek is an herb that has been traditionally used in alternative medicine. It’s a common ingredient in many Indian dishes, and this is often taken as a health supplement. It may also be used to create extracts. Its dried seeds may be brewed to come up with a medicinal tea. A fenugreek herbal tea combined with honey and lemon is used in traditional medicine as a remedy for fever.
In herbal medicine, this is used for treating a wide range of health conditions from menstrual cramps to obesity. For centuries, this herb has been used as a galactagogue, which means that it is a substance that can help produce breast milk.
As an antibacterial
Several studies have exhibited that fenugreek seed extracts contain antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-dandruff activities. Fenugreek leaf extracts have also shown variable results for antifungal and antibacterial activities. Fenugreek leaf aqueous extract can be further studied as an alternative to the currently available 2 percent ketoconazole topical formulations.
A tablespoon of whole fenugreek seeds may contain 35 calories as well as other nutrients which include protein, fat, iron, magnesium, fiber, carbs, and manganese.
Other Health Benefits
There’s a considerable amount of information about the uses of fenugreek in traditional medicine, but there is no solid evidence in medical science to support it as a treatment. However, a couple of smaller studies have been suggesting many other health benefits of fenugreek.
Controls Diabetes and Blood Sugar
Fenugreek helps with metabolic conditions like diabetes. In a study that involved people with type 1 diabetes, The participants were asked to take 50 gm of fenugreek seed powder during lunch and dinner. After 10 days, the participants reported having controlled blood sugar levels and reductions in total cholesterol and bad cholesterol levels. Another study involved participants who were without diabetes. They were asked to take fenugreek and they reported a 13.4 percent decrease in their blood sugar levels four hours after they took fenugreek. The positive effects observed in participants who used whole fenugreek powder or seeds could be mainly because of its high fiber content.
Fenugreek contains compounds that are known as furostanolic saponins. These are known to stimulate the male hormone testosterone. Some people believe this can help improve the libido of older men who often suffer from lower testosterone levels.
A small 2011 study published in Phytotherapy Research revealed that a daily fenugreek supplement appeared to improve several aspects of libido which include orgasm and sexual arousal although it did not have any significant impact on the testosterone levels.
Breast Milk Production
A 2011 study published in the Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine revealed that breastfeeding mothers who were given fenugreek tea produced a higher volume of breast milk compared to those who had a placebo. Their infants also put on more weight.
Fenugreek seeds and tea have been used in traditional medicine for the prevention and treatment of dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps. However, there is limited evidence that will support this.
A two-week pilot study done on people who experienced heartburn frequently found out that fenugreek could reduce the symptoms. Its effects are the same as those of antacid medications.
Fenugreek has exhibited anti-inflammatory effects in rats and mice. Further studies are needed to confirm the same effects in humans.
Fenugreek can help with weight loss when taken with regular exercise and a proper diet. The thermogenic herb helps weight loss by appetite suppression, short-term energy increase, and potentially improving carbohydrate metabolism.
Fenugreek has become popular because of its culinary properties. Its seeds are loaded with vitamin E and these are added as a preservative in pickles. The dried leaves of the herb are also used in flavoring meat, vegetable dishes, and fish.