A nail fungal infection is a common nail disorder. About 50 percent of all nail abnormalities are caused by a fungal infection. Toenail fungal infections are believed to be four times more common than fingernail infections. The infection may affect the nail, matrix, nail plate, nailbed, and even the nail root. This is more prevalent among elderly men.
What are its common symptoms?
The most common symptom of a nail fungal infection is nail thickening and discoloration. The nail may become green, white, black, or brown. Pain is often not felt at first until the infection spreads and becomes severe. The nail may also look ugly. Without any medication or some sort of intervention, the infection may spread and result in complications like cellulitis.
What are the usual symptoms?
Apart from the aforementioned symptoms above, as the nail infection spreads, the infected nail may also become brittle and crumbly, with some of its pieces falling off. The entire nail may also come off the nail bed. At times, the infected nail may emit a foul smell.
What are the causes of fungal nail infection?
Various types of fungi may cause a nail fungal infection, the most common of which belong to the group known as dermatophytes. Yeast and molds may also cause a fungal nail infection. The same microorganisms may also cause other types of infections like athlete’s foot and ringworm.
What are some factors that may worsen or increase the risk of infection?
There are several risk factors that bring you a nail fungal infection. These include walking barefoot in damp public areas like swimming pools, sharing personal items such as pedicure tools, and wearing footwear that can be too tight, among others. Those who suffer from chronic conditions like diabetes and a blood circulation disorder are also more prone to nail fungal infections.
How is this treated?
The most aggressive type of nail fungus treatment is taking oral antifungal medication. A topical medication in the form of nail lacquer and creams may be prescribed as an alternative too.
2All about the Maritime Pine
The maritime pine or Pinus pinaster is a medium-sized pine that can grow up to 30 m. It is characterized by its bright red-brown and fissured bark. They also contain stout needles that occur in clusters. The maritime pine produces cones that are 10 to 20 cm long. This type of pine tree is native to western and southwestern regions of the Mediterranean such as Morocco, Portugal, Spain, and France. This tree quickly naturalized to other countries such as the US, South Africa, England, and Australia. The Pinus pinaster is also known by many common names such as cluster pine, pinheiro bravo, pino resinero, pi maritim, pino rodeno.
What is widely known for its medicinal value is the maritime pine extract. The pine bark extract is sold under various trade names, the common ones being: Oligopin, Pycnogenol, and Flavangenol. Some supplements that include pine bark extract may also contain several other ingredients like vitamin C, fillers such as glycerin or cellulose, as well as plant extracts.