A fungal nail infection also goes by the name onychomycosis. Nail fungal infections may be caused by types of fungi, the most common of which are dermatophytes. This may also be caused by yeasts and molds. Almost half of all nail disorders are caused by nail fungal infections. The most common form of this type of infection, the fungus may grow under a growing nail. This may spread up to the fingers or toes, on the nail bed, and its sides. A less common kind of nail fungal infection may occur in people with HIV or AIDS.
Who is at risk of the infection?
Fungal nail infections may appear to anyone regardless of age. However, it is more common among older males. Diabetic people are also more susceptible to it as well as those who have weak immune systems and chronic conditions.
What are some symptoms?
The infected nails often become thicker and harder to trim. It may lift off the nail bed, starting at the growing part of the nail. You may then find debris underneath the nail and notice a discoloration of it. Some forms of nail fungal infections result in black or powdery discoloration on the nail’s surface. It is possible to find a misshapen nail. One or several nails may be affected by this fungal infection. Pain may emanate from the infected nail and at times even a foul smell.
What are some treatments?
In general, a nail fungus treatment may be composed of a topical medication. Treatments are often prolonged. For the persistent type of nail fungal infection, the more aggressive oral antifungal medication may be prescribed by a physician. In some cases, the doctor may advise a combination treatment. If medications don’t work, the doctor may suggest a nail removal.
5All about Mallows
The mallow is any of the flowering plants that belong to the hibiscus or mallow family. The hibiscus family includes the great rose mallow, common or swamp rose mallow, and soldier rose mallow.
Mallow is a plant and its leaves and flowers are known for their medicinal uses. It is known by many names such as forest mallow, blue mallow, tall mallow, garden mallow, high mallow, purple mallow, tree mallow, and many others. The plant is native to North Africa, Europe, and southwestern Asia. This plant has been naturalized in several places in North America, and it has been cultivated from Western Europe to Russia.
As an Antimicrobial
Mallows are known for being antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and hepatoprotective. These are attributed to several compounds found in it which are beta carotene, vitamin E, flavonoids, vitamin C, and polyphenols.
The extract that comes from mallows is high in phenolic content as well as antimicrobial properties. Polyphenols are the major reason why mallows have superb antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Mallows are known for their antibacterial effects particularly on the following bacterial strains Bacillus cereus, E. coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus pyogenes , Mycobacterium smegmatis, and others.
Some Traditional Uses
Mallows are known for several traditional applications. These include the following:
The leaves and flowers of mallow can be eaten as part of a diet regimen. Its roots, leaves, and flowers can be turned into tea. The main parts of the plant that are mainly used for medication are the flowers and leaves. They possess demulcent properties that make them useful as a poultice for treating bruises, insect bites, inflammations, and others. This plant may also be taken internally for treating respiratory system ailments and digestive tract problems.
Mallows when combined with eucalyptus will make a good remedy for coughs and other chest-related conditions. This also functions as an effective laxative for young children. Pregnant women and new moms will benefit from mallow leaves because they are rich in iron, zinc, and other essential vitamins. Mallow seeds when powdered can be used to treat coughs and bladder ulcers.
There are several ways to incorporate mallows in your culinary ventures. For a start, the mallow leaves can be consumed raw or cooked. It is mucilaginous and has a pleasant and mild flavor. This makes mallows great for soups, and it works as a thickener. Young mallow leaves make a highly acceptable substitute for lettuce as an ingredient in salads. Its immature seeds may be taken raw. Mallow flowers may also be added to salads or applied as a garnish.
Thick mucus may be secreted from the Mallow roots when boiled. This thick liquid may be beaten to make a meringue-like alternative for egg whites. The roots may be consumed after boiling and mixed with oil. It can also be cooked with rice and also meat stews. It can also be used in soups and mixed with legumes. It may also be sauteed or fried in olive oil and served with other ingredients. Mallow roots may also be used as stuffing in pies.
Other Health Benefits
Consuming mallows also have its other health benefits which include: