Toenail fungal infection is one of the different fungal skin or nail infections. The other infections include yeast infection, ringworm, tinea, and jock itch. There are two major causes of skin and nail fungal infections. These are dermatophytes and yeast. Yeast infections that affect the skin and nails of the toes and fingers are caused by the organism known as Candida albicans. These are found on our skin and don’t bother us, except when they multiply and cause a yeast infection. Yeast infections of the nails are characterized by pain and swelling. They may also cause the nail to separate from the nail bed. Dermatophytes, on the other hand, are fungi that feed off dead tissue, such as the nails as well as dead skin cells. This type of infection can be characterized by a round and scaly rash and at times these may include blisters. When dermatophytes cause an infection on the nails, the nails become thick, dull, may split, and eventually fall off.
5Some Risk Factors of Nail Fungus Infections
Toenail fungus infections are more prevalent among older adults, those who are 60 and above. They also affect more men than women. They also affect the toenails more than the fingernails. Some factors and habits can increase the risk of incurring a nail fungal infection. These include diminished blood circulation to the toes, heavy perspiration, walking in moist and warm surface areas like gyms, public showers, and public swimming pools, having a weakened immune system, circulation issues, and diabetes, wearing too tight footwear and artificial nails, as well as, previous skin or nail conditions or injuries.