Nail fungal infections are common conditions. This affects 10 percent of the adult population. This percentage becomes higher in the elderly population. Nail fungal infections which are also known as onychomycosis can be challenging to cure. Various types of fungi can cause infection. Each one brings about a different set of symptoms. The infection may occur as white spots or streaks on the nail’s surface.
The most common cause of nail fungal infections is dermatophytes, which is a group of fungi. These can be found in the hair, nails, and skin. Nail fungal infections may also be caused by yeasts and molds.
A nail fungal infection may affect a part of or the entire nail and even several nails. The most common signs of nail fungal infections include the following: a brittle or crumbly nail, a discolored nail, a foul odor coming from the infected nail, and a misshapen nail that may lift off the nail bed.
Other types of infections have the same symptoms as nail fungal infections. That is why it is necessary to seek a diagnosis from a doctor. More often, the doctor may require a lab test to determine the microorganism that caused the infection.
Instead of using over-the-counter medications, the doctor may prescribe oral antifungals such as itraconazole, terbinafine, griseofulvin, and fluconazole. The doctor may also prescribe other antifungal medications like nail lacquer that can be brushed on the nail like regular nail polish. This kind of nail fungus treatment may last for several weeks to a year.
6All about the Fava Bean
Fava beans are also known as broad beans or faba beans. It is a species of vetch which is a flowering plant that belongs to the pea and bean family called Fabaceae. This is also cultivated like a crop intended for human consumption. It is also known as a cover crop. Fava beans are, in fact, broad legumes that are found in pods. They are known for having a sweet, earthy flavor, and it is consumed by a lot of people around the globe.
Fava beans contain no saturated fats or cholesterol. They also contain a large amount of vitamin K, thiamine, potassium, selenium, magnesium, zinc, copper, and vitamin B-6. Broad beans are also a good and affordable source of lean protein. These can be served raw or cooked. The bean pods have to be blanched while the mature seeds have to be shelled before they are consumed. A single serving of raw or cooked fava beans may increase your consumption of iron, folate, manganese, and dietary fiber, nutrients that can be beneficial to your health in multiple ways.
As an Antimicrobial
The methanol extract from fava beans which have shown to have the highest phenolic, flavonoid, and tannin contents have been observed to be the most active when it comes to antimicrobial and anti-radical properties. Another study revealed that extracts from various parts of broad beans could produce antimicrobial activity against different bacteria.
Other Health Benefits
Consuming fava beans have various benefits aside from those mentioned above. These include the following: