Fungal nail infections are common, particularly on the toenails of elderly people. This type of infection can affect both the toenails and fingernails, but it is more prevalent in toenails. It is more common in people who are over 60. Younger people are also more likely to incur this type of infection when they share communal showers, pools, and locker rooms and they frequent these places without proper footwear.
What are the causes of toenail fungus infections?
Toenail fungal infections are caused by different microscopic organisms such as fungi. The most common of these organisms are dermatophytes. However, this type of infection may also be caused by yeasts and molds. The fungus may enter the body through cuts and cracks on the skin underneath the nail. Fungi thrive in a warm and moist environment which makes the confines of your closed-toe shoes the perfect environment to spread.
What are the most common symptoms of toenail fungus infections?
You can tell if you have a toenail fungal infection if your nail shows any of the following: thickening which makes it hard to trim; whitish, yellowish, or brownish discoloration; shape distortion; dark coloring caused by the debris formed underneath the nail; the nail is becoming crumbly, ragged, and brittle; and sometimes the infected nail may give off a foul smell.
What are some risk factors of toenail fungus infections?
Several factors may increase the risk of you getting a toenail fungal infection. These include excessive sweating, being diabetic, having a weak immune system or some circulation problems, having suffered from a nail or skin injury or a skin condition like psoriasis, being of older age, and walking barefoot in places like public pools, gyms, and locker rooms.
What are some possible complications?
When a nail fungus infection becomes severe, it can cause pain and permanent damage to the nails. This may also spread to other infections in the other parts of the body. If you are diabetic and you start to show symptoms of toenail fungal infections, it’s imperative that you consult with your doctor to avoid any complications.
How do you treat toenail fungus infections?
It is usual for a doctor to prescribe antifungal drugs whether oral or topical. At times they even suggest a combination therapy of oral and topical antifungal drugs. Oral antifungal drugs are the first recommendation since they are known to work fast. Examples of these are terbinafine (Lamisil) and itraconazole (Sporanox). Nail fungus treatment with oral pills takes 6 to 12 weeks.
A medicated nail polish or cream may also be prescribed by the doctor. The medicated nail polish ciclopirox (Penlac) can be applied to the infected nail just like the regular nail polish. The medicated cream can be rubbed on the infected nail after soaking the foot. The cream can work faster when the nail is trimmed. For thinning nails, you may apply a lotion that contains urea.
If the toenail fungal infection is resistant to these treatments, the doctor may at times prescribe a nail removal, which can be done through surgery or by putting a chemical on the infected nail.
Some people prefer to use home remedies to treat toenail fungal infections particularly when they are still mild. Home remedies can be bought from over the counter while some natural herbs, plants, and even kitchen spices and staples can be used as a natural cure. Some fungus eliminators can be bought online as well, like ZetaClear.
2How does it work?
ZetaClear is an FDA-approved topical solution that can help clear toenail fungus. It prevents the growth and spread of fungi. This does this by inhibiting fungal cell division which causes nail yellowing. This topical solution has a fungicidal agent that is powerful and thoroughly effective against the most potent fungal infections on fingers and toes, including the skin surrounding and even underneath the nail tips. It also comes with an applicator brush which enables a targeted and highly controlled application even to the hardly accessible areas of your hands and toes. This makes sure that the liquid is applied directly to the specific area of infection. It also prevents your uninfected toes and fingers from touching the affected areas. The liquid antifungal has no smell and quick dry which means it is not messy when applied.