Nail fungal infection appears when a fungus attacks the fingernails, toenails, and nail bed. The fungus enters through small cuts on the skin that surrounds the nail or through the opening in between the nail and the nail bed. This is one of the most common nail disorders, consisting of half of the total nail abnormalities that affect adults. It is more prevalent among older adults. It affects 20 to 50 percent of people aged 60 and above. This can be attributed to several factors such as reduced nail growth, diabetes, relative immunosuppression, and inactivity.
Around 85 to 90 percent of all nail fungus infections are caused by dermatophytes. Dermatophytes are highly resistant, and they can survive for a long time in warm and moist environments. Around 2 to 5 percent of these cases are caused by non-dermatophyte molds. The yeast Candida spp. is known to cause 5 to 10 percent of toenail fungal infections. This affects the fingernails more than the toenails.
Symptoms usually develop slowly, and it takes time. A nail that has been infected with fungus may have the following changes: becomes yellow, brown, or white, gets thicker, and becomes crumbly and it may split and set off the skin. The infection may become painful over time and spread to other nails or even the skin.
Nail fungus treatment depends on the type, extent, and level of severity of nail fungus infection, not to mention its symptoms and the pre-existing conditions of the patient. The doctor may prescribe an oral antifungal medication and topical solutions. Sometimes a combination of these medications can be done. Severe cases of nail fungal infections can be handled with nail removal. Laser therapy is another form of treatment that uses a special light to eradicate the fungus.
3Traditional Uses and Medicinal Benefits
In the 17th and 18th centuries in England, the roots of Eryngo were collected, candied, and functioned as restorative and quasi-aphrodisiac lozenges. In the modern world of herbal medicine, it is greatly recognized for its diuretic effects. Its roots can be used as an aphrodisiac, diaphoretic, diuretic, stimulant, expectorant, aromatic, and tonic. The root may also be used as an expectorant especially for chronic coughs and advanced stages of pulmonary conditions.
This plant is also used for treating urethritis, cystitis, as a treatment for kidney stone formation, and as a treatment for the enlargement and inflammation of the prostate glands. It can be used externally as a poultice while its dried and powdered root helps with tissue regeneration. Eryngo’s leaves and roots can be used for treating uterine irritations and bladder ailments and glandular deficiencies. It can also be used as a nervine and tonic.
The decoction of its root when used as wine is highly effective in treating the spleen and liver. It also helps with jaundice, French Pox, swollen lymph glands, dropsy, and snake bites. It also functions as a treatment for the pains of the loin. It helps excrete urine, expel kidney stones, and help with women’s menstrual periods.
This is also useful for paralysis and chronic nervous conditions as well as delirium caused by certain diseases. It can also be taken to prevent scurvy.