Nail fungal infection appears when a fungus attacks the fingernails, toenails, and nail bed. The fungus enters through small cuts on the skin that surrounds the nail or through the opening in between the nail and the nail bed. This is one of the most common nail disorders, consisting of half of the total nail abnormalities that affect adults. It is more prevalent among older adults. It affects 20 to 50 percent of people aged 60 and above. This can be attributed to several factors such as reduced nail growth, diabetes, relative immunosuppression, and inactivity.
Around 85 to 90 percent of all nail fungus infections are caused by dermatophytes. Dermatophytes are highly resistant, and they can survive for a long time in warm and moist environments. Around 2 to 5 percent of these cases are caused by non-dermatophyte molds. The yeast Candida spp. is known to cause 5 to 10 percent of toenail fungal infections. This affects the fingernails more than the toenails.
Symptoms usually develop slowly, and it takes time. A nail that has been infected with fungus may have the following changes: becomes yellow, brown, or white, gets thicker, and becomes crumbly and it may split and set off the skin. The infection may become painful over time and spread to other nails or even the skin.
Nail fungus treatment depends on the type, extent, and level of severity of nail fungus infection, not to mention its symptoms and the pre-existing conditions of the patient. The doctor may prescribe an oral antifungal medication and topical solutions. Sometimes a combination of these medications can be done. Severe cases of nail fungal infections can be handled with nail removal. Laser therapy is another form of treatment that uses a special light to eradicate the fungus.
4All about Eryngo
Eryngo is a perennial plant that is popular for its blue summer bloom with thistle-like flower heads and dark-green basal leaves. It belongs to Apiaceae, which is the same family as carrots, fennel, and cow parsley. This is native to coastal areas with sand and gravel in Southwest Asia, Europe, and North Africa. Some of its popular common names are Sea Holly, Seaside Eryngo, Eringo, Sea Hulver, and Ringo Roots.
Sea holly is famous for its function as an ornamental plant. When cut, it can be used for decorating the dining area and even other areas of the house. This plant may also be used medicinally. It has been known to be useful in treating conditions in various treatment forms.
As an Antimicrobial
The antimicrobial properties of ethanolic extracts derived from the leaves and roots of three Eryngo species namely E. planum, E. campestre, E. maritimum were tested to observe its effects on different bacteria and fungi. The study showed that all the ethanolic extracts used to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus as well as all the other fungi.
Other Health Benefits
People often take eryngo for menstrual cramps or dysmenorrhea, swelling or inflammation of the lungs’ main airways or bronchitis, and infections of the bladder, kidney, or urethra (UTIs or urinary tract infections).
According to early research, taking eryngo for the first five days during the menstruation period may help in pain reduction which is similar to taking Ibuprofen. It may also help with the swelling of the prostate because of infection.