Toenail fungus is also called onychomycosis. This is a condition that is commonly caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, or molds that infect the nail bed, nail plate, and matrix. There are many ways for fungal infections to present themselves, changing the appearance, color, and shape of the nail. Usually, nail infections don’t cause pain and don’t affect your quality of life. However, they don’t heal on their own. A nail fungal infection has to be treated to avoid the spread of the infection.
Fungal nail infection is a result of a fungus that gets into the nail. There are various sources of this fungus namely unsterilized nail tools, public swimming pools, being in contact with an infected person, and other moist environments. Fungal nail infections occur more on toenails than fingernails. This is mainly because of the conducive environment inside the shoe, where it is dark, moist, and warm.
Changes in nail appearance often affect the doctor or podiatrist of a nail fungal infection. Some of the common symptoms they often look for are the following: nail discoloration and deformities with the nail becoming crumbly and brittle, nail detachment from the nail bed, nail trauma, foul odor present in the nail, and sometimes pain and discomfort.
It is important to seek the advice of a doctor to have preferred treatment plans. The most popular options for nail fungus treatment are oral and topical medications. Oral medication is intended for all sorts of fungal infections. This kind of medication may take several months to take effect.
Topical medications can be over-the-counter, but there are also those that require a doctor’s prescription. Topical applications can be used for as long as the nail matrix is not affected.
Oral treatments are 85 percent effective while topical treatments only have an 8 to 10 percent efficacy rate.
1All about the Common Columbine (Aquilegia Vulgaris )
Columbine is more commonly known as Granny’s Bonnet. It is under the genus Aquilegia, which is usually comprised of around 70 species of perennial plants. These plants are often used as medicinal herbs and a reliable food source by Native Americans all over the Northern Hemisphere. This plant commonly grows in high altitudes such as in open meadows and woodlands. They are easy to find because of their spurred petals which look like claws.
Columbine has many other common names which include European crowfoot, European columbine, granny’s bonnet, true columbine, and culverwort. This plant is native to Asia, Central and Southern Europe, and North Africa.
The roots, seeds, flowers, and leaves of this plant have been used in traditional medicine. The plant has several alkaloids such as berberine, magnoflorine, and others. It also contains flavonoids such as apigenin and quercetin, triterpenoid saponins, as well as, small amounts of cyanogenic glycosides like triglochin and others.
As an Antimicrobial
The extracts, sub-extracts, and isocytisoside of columbine have been established in a study to inhibit the growth of various Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and also fungi. They have the greatest impact on the Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. Epidermidis, as well as the mold, known as Aspergillus niger. The antimicrobial activities of columbine are linked primarily to its isocytisoside.
Columbine has been known as a religious symbol of purity. This plant is often found in images of the Virgin Mary. In the field of traditional herbalism, this plant was considered sacred to the goddess Venus. This has been used as herbal medicine since the Middle Ages. It has been used as a treatment for various ailments from high fever caused by various infections, haemoptysis, chronic rhinitis, and even swollen lymph nodes on the neck.
Other Health Benefits
Apart from these traditional uses of columbine, the plant also has the following health benefits:
Columbine works as a great pain reliever when applied to various parts of the body. The same paste made from the plant may also be used for treating bruises and strained muscles. This is because of the inflammatory properties of the plant found in its seeds and roots. Lotions made from extracted oils and crushed roots of columbine are popular rheumatic pain relievers for older people. This can be used by people who suffer from arthritis to relieve themselves of the discomfort.
Columbine has been used for a long time to stimulate perspiration. It is also known in traditional medicine as a remedy to break a high fever. All you have to do is to mix its flowers with water and drink the concoction. This will easily eliminate your fever. This decoction may also work as a diuretic, inducing urination and helping to detoxify the body. Through more urination, toxins, salts, water, and fats are eliminated, relieving pressure on the liver and kidneys.
Columbine roots can be crushed and mixed with water and consumed as a treatment for various respiratory conditions including sore throats and congestion. This helps to eliminate the inflammation in the respiratory tracts and as a result, helps speed up the healing process, get rid of congestion, and reduce irritation, which helps prevent illness-causing bacterial infection from phlegm and sputum.
Columbine has been used for thousands of years by the indigenous people of North America and Europe as a remedy for various skin issues. The seeds and roots are simply crushed and mixed with water to produce a salve and paste that can be applied to rashes and skin irritation. The anti-inflammatory properties of this plant help lessen the swelling, redness, and irritation of the affected parts. This also works as an effective topical remedy for psoriasis, mild acne, and rashes from poison ivy and other plants.
The roots may function as a tonic for the stomach when they are prepared appropriately. Consuming the tonic may help reduce inflammation and irritation in the bowels which often leads to IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) symptoms and diarrhea. However, this has to be consumed in small quantities only and the tonic must be prepared by a trained herbalist.
Menstrual Bleeding Remedy
Columbine has been used as a small tincture to induce labor during pregnancy. This is because of the astringent and coagulant properties which can help to reduce bleeding after delivery.