Once you see a strange spot on your nail, you can easily think that it is nail fungus that caused it. This may not be the case all the time. Spots and discolorations on or underneath the nail could be because of bruises resulting from trauma nail trauma, warts, blisters, and even a type of cancer. Nail irregularities can be caused by various diseases. This is why it would be best for the infected nails to be examined by a doctor.
Fungal nail infection is a nail infection caused by a fungus, which can normally thrive in a warm and moist environment. People who wear trainers for a long time and those who have sweaty feet have an increased risk of becoming infected. These infections are more likely to occur on your toenails than your fingernails. But they can occur on both fingernails and toenails.
Fungal Nail Symptoms
If you notice the following symptoms, it is likely that you have a nail fungal infection: having white or yellow streaks on the nails, nail thickening or distortion, having discolored nails, lack of luster and shine on the nails, loosening and lifting of the nail off the nail bed, having brittle and crumbly nails, debris collating underneath the nail, the odor coming from the nail, and many others.
Who Is At Risk?
Anyone can be affected by toenail fungus since it is very contagious, but it is more prevalent among older adults. You are likely to develop nail fungal infections when you reach the age of 60. Gender plays a major role as well. Men are three times more likely to develop a fungal nail infection compared to women. Other risk factors are the following: diabetes, diseases that result in a blood circulation disorder, and a weakened immune system.
Fungal Nail Treatment
It is recommended that you visit your doctor or pharmacist to know your treatment options. The nail fungus infection will depend on the type of microorganism that caused it and the severity of the infection. The most aggressive form of treatment is an oral antifungal pill.
1All about Bay Leaves
Bay leaf which is also known as laurel is a spice that is commonly used as a flavoring for soups and meat dishes because of its light and herbal flavor. It is sometimes sold in powdered form and as a fresh leaf although this is often sold as a dry whole leaf. Bay leaf is added during the cooking procedure and this is taken out before the meal is served. The leaf can be challenging to chew and digest. However, the bay leaf is not poisonous.
The bay leaf family has a lot of species, but they have the same taste and nutritional content. Some of its varieties can be grown everywhere from the Caribbean to India. This can also be found in the spice aisles of grocery stores all over the globe.
A teaspoon (1.8g) of bay leaf provides the following: 0.1g of protein, 0.2g of fat, 1.4g of carbohydrates, and 6 calories. Bay leaf also contains vitamin A, iron, and magnesium. The carbs in a bay leaf are complex, which means that they are high in fiber and low in sugars. The type of iron found in bay leaf is non-heme iron. Consuming vitamin-C-rich foods may help with plant-based iron absorption. Its vitamin A content can help with enhancing vision, reproduction, and immune function.
As An Antifungal
The essential oil from the bay leaf has shown good antibacterial activity. Its major constituent is cineol which could be responsible for its antibacterial activity. Its antifungal properties were established to inhibit the seven strains of plant pathogenic fungi and other pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus intermedius, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus. These are the cause of food-borne diseases.
Bay leaf may be humble, but it can surprise you with its numerous health benefits. Some of its most notable benefits include the following:
Type 2 Diabetes Control
Some studies though limited showed that diabetes mellitus can be controlled with the help of bay leaf. This leaf can help bring down the body’s blood sugar level and fats found in the bloodstream. However, more research is needed for this.
May Work as a Digestive Aid
Bay leaf can be used to ease upset stomachs. Tea can be quite aromatic. This can help to relieve sinuses and also a stuffy nose.
Helps Protect the Body from Kidney Stones
A 2014 study revealed that bay leaf is capable of reducing the amount of urease within the body. Urease is an enzyme that can lead to gastric disorders including kidney stone formation when it becomes out of balance. Scientists, however, recommended more studies to understand the functions of this herb.
A 2021 study was done on rats exposed to bay leaf for 5 minutes in a smoking chamber once daily for 22 days. They observed that this enhanced their memory and improved their cognitive deficits. Animal studies may not apply to humans, but they can offer insights that may result in human studies.
May Treat Wounds
Bay leaf has also been established to reduce inflammation in the areas surrounding the wound. Older experiments done on rats revealed that bay leaf may help with wound healing.
May Help Reduce Stress and Anxiety
Linalool which is present in bay leaves may lower the levels of stress and anxiety. This is because the bay leaf has natural soothing capabilities that can help you calm down and reduce the risk of depression.
Supports Heart Health
The human heart functions better with the aid of rutin and caffeic acid, both of these can be found in a bay leaf. Such properties may strengthen the capillary walls of the heart and lower the body’s bad cholesterol levels.
Resolves hair issues
Bay leaf has a lot of properties that may support hair health and eventually lead to hair growth. Just steep bay leaves in water then rub them on your scalp after shampooing it to do away with dandruff.
Bay leaf must not be eaten raw or consumed in large quantities since it can be difficult to chew and digest. To ensure safety, avoid taking bay leaf when you are pregnant or breastfeeding.