A nail fungal infection is a type of infection that occurs when the fungus attacks the nail bed, fingernails, or toenails. Fungi may attack the nails through small cuts in the skin that surrounds the nail or through the space between the nail and nail bed. This won’t be a problem when you are healthy,
What are the causes of nail fungal infections?
Fungal nail infections may be brought by yeasts, molds, and other fungi. Fungi thrive well in dark, moist, and warm environments. They can easily spread from one person to another. It is easy for you to become infected by the fungus when you walk barefoot in a public pool or shower or by sharing personal items like nail clippers and towels. When you suffer from an athlete’s foot, the fungus may spread from the skin to the nails.
What are some common symptoms?
Symptoms are slow to occur. A nail fungal infection often shows the following symptoms: the nail becomes thicker, the nail becomes white or yellow, the nail may also crumble and split, and it may separate from the skin. This condition is usually painless, but it can become uncomfortable especially when it starts to become painful.
How is a nail fungal infection treated?
It may take several tries of a type of nail fungus treatment for you to find the right one. It often begins with an antifungal medication. This can be in oral or topical form. The oral antifungals are more aggressive. They have to be taken for several months. The topical medications are less effective compared to oral antifungals. Nail removal may be advised in some cases as well. This can be temporary or permanent while a new form of treatment using laser light is also possible.