Onychomycosis is the medical name for the nail fungal infection of the fingernails and toenails. This infection may cause the discoloration and thickening of one or more nails over time. This condition becomes more common as people become older.
6What are the causes of a nail fungal infection?
A fungal nail infection happens when a fungus infects and spreads a fingernail, toenail, or the skin found underneath the nail which is also known as the nail bed. Fungi are likely to attack the nails that have been damaged through small cuts and cracks on the skin that surrounds them and also through the spaces between the nail and the nail bed. A nail fungus infection may also be passed on from one infected person to another or by contact with an infected surface. You can easily get infected when you share personal items like a towel or nail clipper. You are also more susceptible to the fungus when you walk barefoot in public areas like swimming pools, gyms, and locker rooms and also when you suffer from athlete’s foot since the fungus can easily spread from the surrounding skin to the nail. Diseases and medications that can weaken the immune system and blood circulation may increase the risk of your getting infected with nail fungus.