Another name for nail fungal infection is onychomycosis. It is also known as tinea unguium. This type of infection can both affect the fingernails and toenails. In the US, this condition appears in 10 percent of the adult population. Onychomycosis affects the toenails more than the fingernails.
People can experience various types of nail infections. This depends on the kind of fungus that causes it. Most often this nail infection is caused by a kind of parasitic fungi known as dermatophyte fungi. Yeasts and molds may also cause nail infections. Fungus thrives more in a warm, dark, and moist environment which is why nail fungus is more prevalent in toenails.
The first signs of a nail fungal infection are some changes in the nail’s appearance. The nail can be brittle, broken, thickened, and discolored. The nail may also appear flaky and lifted from the nailbed. It is also mildly painful, and at times it may completely separate from the nail.
Fungal nail infections are not likely to disappear on their own. They often require a course of treatment. Most of the time, it requires a combination of keeping the nails clean and dry to minimize irritation and inflammation in the area and at the same time following a course of antifungal medication. Topical medications can be used to get rid of nail fungal infections. For a more effective nail fungus treatment, oral antifungals may be prescribed by the doctor. This may take several months to a year for this to be effective. For persistent fungal infections, a nail removal surgery may be advised.
Due to its wide application in folk medicine, all AllSpice compounds have been studied well. Those compounds that have been attributed with their health benefits include the following: eugenol, quercetin, ericifolin, and gallic acid. Eugenol is recognized for its potential antifungal, cancer-fighting attributes, and anti-inflammatory properties. Quercetin is a type of flavonoid which is an antioxidant that fights off free radicals. It has also become popular due to its antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects. Gallic acid is also another antioxidant that has potent cancer-fighting and anti-viral properties. It has also been observed to have the potential in boosting brain health, particularly in preventing Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases. Ericifolin is a phenolic compound known for possessing cancer-fighting and antibacterial properties.