Another name for nail fungal infection is onychomycosis. It is also known as tinea unguium. This type of infection can both affect the fingernails and toenails. In the US, this condition appears in 10 percent of the adult population. Onychomycosis affects the toenails more than the fingernails.
People can experience various types of nail infections. This depends on the kind of fungus that causes it. Most often this nail infection is caused by a kind of parasitic fungi known as dermatophyte fungi. Yeasts and molds may also cause nail infections. Fungus thrives more in a warm, dark, and moist environment which is why nail fungus is more prevalent in toenails.
The first signs of a nail fungal infection are some changes in the nail’s appearance. The nail can be brittle, broken, thickened, and discolored. The nail may also appear flaky and lifted from the nailbed. It is also mildly painful, and at times it may completely separate from the nail.
Fungal nail infections are not likely to disappear on their own. They often require a course of treatment. Most of the time, it requires a combination of keeping the nails clean and dry to minimize irritation and inflammation in the area and at the same time following a course of antifungal medication. Topical medications can be used to get rid of nail fungal infections. For a more effective nail fungus treatment, oral antifungals may be prescribed by the doctor. This may take several months to a year for this to be effective. For persistent fungal infections, a nail removal surgery may be advised.
9All about AllSpice
AllSpice is a powerful spice that is derived from the dried fruit of the pimiento tree. And that is why it is known as Jamaica pepper, pimento, or pimenta. It is also called geographically specific names. This is native to parts of the Caribbean, Mexico, and Central America. This tree has the scientific name Pimenta dioica. It is said that this has gradually spread around the globe because of its unique flavor and high quality. Its name allspice is due to its dried brown berries. When these berries are ripe, they are picked and dried under the sun. They all end up as slightly shriveled and hard, which we now know as allspice. This can be ground up and turned into a spice to be used for culinary purposes and its essential oil may be extracted.
Allspice is a major ingredient in Caribbean cuisine, specifically in Jamaica. It is also possible for other cultures to have incorporated allspice in their cuisines. This special spice can be used in both sweet and savory dishes. It is also commonly found in chilis, soups, desserts, sauces, meat dishes, and even specific types of liquors.