Fungal nail infection is a mycotic infection caused by a fungal invasion of the nail structure. It is also one of the most common nail disorders. It represents half of the adult nail abnormalities. It is also medically known as onychomycosis. This is more diagnosed in men and people who are older. This affects 20 to 50 percent of people who are over the age of 60 years old. Increased risk for a nail fungal infection among older people may be brought about by conditions like diabetes, reduced nail growth, reduced peripheral circulation, inactivity, and relative immunosuppression. Toenails are more prone to this infection than fingernails.
Most patients experience yellowing as well as thickening of the nail. In some cases, the area that surrounds the nail itches. Over time, the nail may become brittle and jagged around the edges. The nail may also be deformed or detached from the nail bed. Trimming a thickened nail can be challenging. Once the nail becomes too thick, it can be uncomfortable to wear shoes.
Multiple fungi species may infect the nail. Fungus thrives well in a dark, moist, and warm environment like showers and pools. A toenail fungal infection is one of the few foot issues that affect more men than women.
Diagnosis is conducted based on a clinical exam. Occasionally, this requires confirmation after viewing a nail scraping under a microscope or growing the fungus in a culture medium. This is not a simple condition to treat.
The doctor is more likely to trim the nail and take away its dead layers. Topical medication may be prescribed. When the infection is too severe, an oral antifungal medication may be prescribed. This type of nail fungus treatment is known for being more effective. It has to be taken for several months, however.
1All about the African Oil Bean Seed
The African oil bean seed is a food condiment that is loaded with nutrients. It is native to Eastern Nigeria. It is more commonly known as Ukpaka or Ugba in the Igbo tribe. In Yoruba, it is called Ukana while in Southern Nigeria it is known as Ukana by the Efiks. It goes by the botanical name Pentaclethra macrophylla.
This local condiment is produced by using local fermentation. It has multiple uses but it is more popular for culinary purposes. Ukpaka seeds are sliced and are used as an ingredient in making soups, abacha, vegetables with yam, and nkwobi.
The African oil bean seed has the following nutritional properties: calcium, zinc, copper, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and iron. It is also a natural source of phytochemicals known as flavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, sterols, and glycosides, which are all beneficial to human health. Some studies revealed that the African oil bean seed possesses some anti-nutritional factors which include oxalate, cyanide, tannin, and phytate. However, these can be reduced by cooking and proper processing.
As an Antifungal
The oils from Pentaclethra macrophylla have been observed to contain antimicrobial properties on several bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus epidermidis. Staphylococcus aureus, and Proteus mirabilis. The observation suggests that the oil can be used for managing and disinfecting wounds.
Other Health Benefits
The following are some of the other health benefits of the African oil bean seed:
Reduces the body’s cholesterol level
The African oil bean seed has saponins. These are phytochemicals that have been proven several times to be effective in controlling the body’s cholesterol levels. Saponins are able to do this by excreting bile acids and forming an insoluble complex with cholesterol which prevents it from getting into the intestines. Aside from the saponins, this oil also contains manganese and unsaturated fatty acids, Both of these can regulate the body’s cholesterol levels. Manganese can enlarge the veins, making sure that blood can flow freely through them.
Remedy for skin-related conditions
African oil bean seed also contains powerful anti-inflammatory properties. This is why its bark and seeds are used in several countries as a remedy for cuts, insect bites, itches, and wounds. Some tribes in Nigeria use the burnt pods combined with shea butter to cure boils and inflammations. This condiment is also a great source of antibacterial agents that fight off bacteria. Its other ingredients also help promote skin appearance and elasticity.
Helps with Weight Loss
This food condiment is loaded with phytochemicals known as phytoestrogen, which helps with weight loss a lot. People who suffer from excess weight and obesity may use this as a vitamin and nutritional supplement. This also aids the body’s estrogen production which promotes weight loss. African oil bean seed’s phytoestrogen reduces the life cycle of adipocytes and the accumulation of fats. At the same time, it also increases the fat-free mass in humans. Some studies also exhibited that the same phytochemical in African oil bean seed could reduce the inflammation brought about by obesity because of its antioxidant properties.
Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that is often characterized by difficulty in sleeping and staying asleep. The African oil bean seed allows you to regain your sleep. As an insomnia remedy, you just have to gather the extract and mix the juice from it with pure honey. Take one spoon of this each day for two weeks. You will almost immediately feel the effects for as long as you take this moderately. The ability of the African oil bean seed to help cure insomnia is caused by its physio-chemical composition.
The African oil bean seed is a great source of oil that can be used in the creation of commercial soaps, candles, as well as cooking oil. These edible seeds are enclosed in brownish shells which can be used for decorative purposes and for creating beads, rosaries, necklaces, bags, traditional dancing costumes, and dresses. The wood can be used as firewood and also for making charcoals.
Controls Cancer Growth
According to studies, African oil bean seeds can reduce the growth of cancer. A comparative study done in Nigeria revealed that cancer patients who ingested the African oil bean seed during the research period experienced a reduction in cancer risks compared to those who didn’t.