A fungus is a microorganism that thrives in a warm and moist environment. Nail fungal infections are a common condition that can affect people of various ages. However, it is more prevalent among older adults. This nail infection may start as a skin infection first which is known as tinea pedis or athlete’s foot. This fungus grows underneath the nail and causes several changes to its appearance and condition such as making it yellow, brown, green, or white; distortion in shape, thickening of the infected nail, having ragged edges and becoming crumbly when touched, and causing pain and discomfort, particularly when walking.
7Diagnosis and Treatment
Toenail fungus infections have to be diagnosed before treating them. Diagnosis can be done by a physician by simply looking at the infected nails and asking for a nail clipping or scraping of the debris underneath the nail. This sample will be sent to a lab to determine the cause of the infection. Nail fungus can be treated with prescription oral and topical antifungals. In some cases, the physician may recommend a combination of these two treatments. In severe cases of nail fungus, the doctor may recommend nail removal surgery. A new type of nail fungus treatment known as laser therapy is also accessible. It uses laser light to get rid of nail fungus.